Научно-популярные кружки и общества в колониальном и советском Туркестане: имперская интеллектуальная элита на мусульманской окраине
The article is deмoted to intricacies of formation of the European intellectual elite in the Turkestan region of imperial Russia(after 1865). It is viewed through the lens of institutional development, consolidation, extinction and revival of popular science circles andsocieties. Specifcs of revival of popular science societies under the Soviet regime is also addressed by the author. Besides that, the paper deals with attitudes of political regime towards circles and societiesduring the imperial period and under the Soviets; with how authoritiesinteracted with the intellectual elite of the region; with specifics of involvement of European intelligentsia into the rise of higher educationin Turkestan as well as building up of archival service and institutionsfor the protection of historical and cultural heritage of the region.