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Article

Modeling of gradient-like flows on n-sphere

A general idea of the qualitative study of dynamical systems, going back to the works by A. Andronov, E. Leontovich, A. Mayer, is a possibility to describe dynamics of a system using combinatorial invariants. So M. Peixoto proved that the structurally stable flows on surfaces are uniquely determined, up to topological equivalence, by the isomorphic class of a directed graph. Multidimensional structurally stable flows does not allow entering their classification into the framework of a general combinatorial invariant. However, for some subclasses of such systems it is possible to achieve the complet combinatorial description of their dynamics. 

In the present paper, based on  classification results by S. Pilyugin, A. Prishlyak, V.  Grines, E.  Gurevich, O.  Pochinka,  any connected bi-color tree implemented as gradient-like flow of $n$-sphere, $n > 2$ without heteroclinic intersections. This problem is solved using the appropriate gluing operations of the so-called  Cherry boxes to the flow-shift. This result not only completes the topological classification for such flows, but also allows to model systems with a regular behavior. For such flows, the implementation is especially important because they model, for example, the reconnection processes in the solar corona.