Формирование правил категоризации на основе декларативной и процедурной памяти в формате задачи А/неА
In this paper, we studied the formation of two different categorization rules that activate the work of procedural and declarative memory in task A/nonA. In our previous experiment (Pokidysheva, Kotov, 2015)  it was shown that the semantics of the word helped form a category in the declarative system and did not help in the procedural one when forming categories in the A/B task. In this paper, based on the material from the previous study, we changed the type of the task and the subjects searched for common signs in only one group of examples, distinguishing it from a group of examples without common signs. The subjects, as in the previous study, performed the task in one of three conditions: when the additional semantic meanings were directly related to feedback, contradicted it, or absent altogether. As a result, we found that the influence of the semantics of the word in the formation of categories based on declarative memory disappeared, but the subjects were successful in forming the category in all experimental conditions. In the case of the formation of categories on the basis of procedural memory, the influence of the semantics of the word was also not detected (as in the previous study), but the success rate was low. The results obtained are compared with the results of studies considered in the framework of the theory of multiple learning systems (Ashby, Crossley, 2010) .