Работа турникетной системы как элемент пассажирского опыта
We consider turnstiles as an integral part of the passenger experience. Turnstiles are a control technology to decrease fare evasion, but also define traffic rules for the interaction between passengers in the transport space and which normalize the corporeality and body experience of passengers. Turnstiles turn the variety of passenger corporeality into the normalized units which form the calculated and controlled passenger traffic. At the level of passenger experience, turnstiles organize a special sequence of actions for passengers in the pre-and post-turnstile zones, serve as a meeting and farewell point, ensure the “fairness” of emerging landing lines and the choice of seats by passengers. Turnstiles also often serve as break points and interrupt the interaction between passengers. Breakdowns and unforeseen situations often happen with turnstiles. For smooth operation, they need help and understanding from passengers and staff. Some categories of passengers (children, “pouched”, elderly and large-sized) have difficulty passing through the turnstiles, causing inconvenience to themselves and others. Turnstiles have left a significant imprint on the passenger experience of Muscovites, thereby being a direct implementation of the transport policy for the formation of a new type of passenger. The empirical material of the study consists of videos of the practice of using turnstiles in various types of transport in Moscow, collected in December 2017 and in the spring of 2018.
Nevertheless an operator company is unconcerned with communication strategy, passengers react on service quality somehow. However, we focus on particular features of Moscow operator's companies performance in Internet. The analysis allows to reconstruct an image of passenger from official point of view. Moreover, we hope to provoke the discussion on branding and public image of public transport in contemporary Russia.
Despite over 30 years of worldwide reforms in many directions to increase efficiency, public transport markets present a variety of arrangements regarding operations, control and ownership that are amenable to improvement. This workshop will examine the contextual economic, political, cultural and social factors behind these many different cases that can be observed around the world. Through a better understanding of such factors it will examine the competition and ownership options for regulated public transport markets, taking full account of local contextual factors. This will include examination of methods for improving performance without major competition and ownership changes, for example by improved institutional design (both top-down and bottom-up), the development of trusting partnerships, the promotion of negotiated contracts and the introduction of optimal operating rules.
Preface International conference “Data Analytics and Management in Data Intensive Domains” (DAMDID/RCDL’2015) of this year is held on October 13 – 16 in the town of Obninsk, Kaluga region of the Russian Federation. The conference is hosted by the Obninsk education Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering affiliated with the National Research University MEPhI. Obninsk is the first town of science created in USSR in which now many academic and research centers dealing with intensive data analysis in various fields (nuclear physics, modern medicine, oncology, radiology, geophysics, meteorology) are located. «Data Analytics and Management in Data Intensive Domains» conference (DAMDID) is planned as an interdisciplinary forum of researchers and practitioners from various domains of science and research promoting cooperation and exchange of ideas in the area of data analysis and management in data intensive domains. Approaches to data analysis and management being developed in specific data intensive domains of X-informatics (such as X = astro, bio, chemo, geo, medicine, neuro, physics, etc.), social sciences, as well as in various branches of informatics, industry, new technologies, finance and business are expected to contribute to the conference content. The program of the DAMDID/RCDL’2015 conference alongside with traditional data management topics reflects a rapid move into the direction of data science and data intensive analytics. Three conference keynotes form the pivot of the conference program. In the keynote of Peter Wittenburg (Max Planck Data and Compute Center) that opens the conference a survey of the current projects on development of data infrastructures enabling data intensive sciences is given. The second day of the conference is open by the keynote of David Pease (IBM Almaden Research Center). This talk considers objectives and experience of the recently organized IBM Research Lab specifically designed to facilitate complex analytic projects by tackling the challenges of data-intensive scientific discovery. Finally the program of the third day starts with the keynote by Michael Brodie (CSAIL Lab, MIT) in which the author gives analysis and characteristics of the data science as an emerging discipline for data intensive discovery. Three plenary sessions of the conference can be reckoned as the points of reference of the conference program pivot formed by the keynotes. These are: the invited session on IBM Cognitive Systems with Watson System solutions overview and Watson application examples, particularly in medicine; the panel prepared by the researchers from the eight scientific institutes of the RF devoted to the data access challenges for data intensive research in Russia; and the last session of the conference considering infrastructure solutions intended for support of scientific data and processes. More than 40 presentations at the scientific sessions at the twelve scientific sessions of the conference cover the problems of data heterogeneity and integration, information extraction from the multistructured data, subject domains modeling (including formation of knowledge bases in medicine), efficiency of computations, semantics of the large textual collections, as well as the specificity of the systems for data analysis (separate session is devoted to the problems of big data analysis in physics), approaches for data intensive problems solving. The majority of these presentations reflect the results of research made in the research institutes, centers and universities located at the different places on the territory of Russia, including: Briansk, Chernogolovka, Dubna, Irkutsk, Jaroslavl, Kazan, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Obninsk, Omsk, Pereslavl Zalessky, Saint Petersburg, Tomsk, Chelyabinsk, Vladivostok. Besides that, the conference includes also several associated events, such as the tutorial on large-scale statistics with MonetDB and R (organized by Hannes Mühleisen (Amsterdam University); PhD Workshop that includes ten talks related to PhD researches and starts with the keynote by Michael Brodie (CSAIL Lab, MIT) entitled “A 21st Century Applied Computer Science PhD “; open workshop devoted to the social network data analysis. Special features of the conference DAMDID/RCDL’2015 organization (comparing to previous RCRDL conferences) include creation of a new site as well as transfer to the CMT system use. The chairs of the Program Committee and Organizing Committee of DAMDID/RCDL’2015 express their gratitude to Alexey Vovchenko for the development of the conference site and to Nikolay Skvortsov for the qualified application of the CMT at all stages of the conference preparation. The chairs of the Organizing Committee and Program Committee of DAMDID/RCDL’2015 express their gratitude to the authors of the submissions as well as to the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the Department of Nanotechnologies and Information Technologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences for the support of the Conference. The Coordinating committee of the DAMDID/RCDL conferences thanks Director and employees of the Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI for their hard and responsible work on preparing and carrying out of the Conference as well as the members of the Program Committee for their important work on reviewing and selection of submissions. Co-chairs of the Program committee Co-chairs of the Organizing committee Leonid A. Kalinichenko Natalia G. Ayrapetova (IPI FRC CSC RAS) (INPE NRNU MEPhI) Sergey O. Starkov Victor N. Zakharov (INPE NRNU MEPhI) (IPI FRC CSC RAS)
This paper examines the actual problem of urban infrastructure of the city and the reaction of young people to changes in the public transport system in Nizhny Novgorod. During the survey 331 respondents (16-30 years old) were questioned about which types of public transport they use; about the attitude towards changes in the transport system and the system as a whole
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.