Владимир Соловьев и Жозеф де Местр
Solovyov’s attitude to Joseph de Mestre is striking in its paradox. The name of this bright and convinced propagandist of Catholicism is absent from the works of Solovyov on the Catholic Church, and unexpectedly appears in the article “Slavophilism and its degeneration”. In this article, Mestre is presented as a teacher of Slavophiles, for whom the attractiveness of his po-litical conservatism overshadowed an unacceptable for them religious system, sympathy for the Jesuits, and even hostility towards the Russian people and their religion. For Solovyov this is one of the evidence of the inconsistency of the Slavophil doctrine. At the same time, Soloviev does not himself es-tablish a genetic link between the Mestre and the late Slavophiles, but merely cites the thoughts from the article of the writer of the Slavophile di-rection P.A. Matveyev. Further acquaintance with the works of Mestre al-lowed Solovyov to formulate his own critical attitude to his ideas. Despite a number of coincidences in relation to Catholicism and to Pope, Solovyov actually denied Mestres the right to be considered a Christian thinker be-cause of his positive attitude towards the death penalty and the idealization of the executioner. In this, according to Solovyov, pagan roots features characteristic of the medieval worldview were revealed.