Пространство имеет значение: геотерриториальный фундамент глобальной экономики
The author views foreign and domestic approaches, interdisciplinary among them, to the definition of human capital.
The purpose of the paper is the systematization of new economic geography research, on the analysis of the agglomeration process in region. Priority of the paper is given to the influence of theoretical research. Scientific novelty of the work is to specify the theoretical and methodological foundations of the agglomeration process due to analyzing the new economic geography attitude. As agglomeration forces facilitating the concentration of economic activity is defined: internal economies of scale, the level of transportation cost, the migration of the mobile labor in response to the wage gap, the elasticity of labor supply, forward and backward linkages of different content and other factors. As important condition is considered the trade costs level between regions. This study suggests that the formation of theoretical models system explaining the agglomeration process is under intense development.
In this work the problem of learning and development of creativity with a view to the position of reflexive psychology, akmeology and pedagogics in the context of the human capital analysis in the conditions of modern society globalization is raised. The theme is urgent from the practical point of view in demand of a creative personality under conditions of the economic crisis and at the same time it is actual, because it interprets creativity in a new way according to interdisciplinary approach. The author emphasizes that a reflexively-creative potential is considered to be the backbone factor of professional and innovative activity in modern social space. On basis of philosophical foundations' analysis of psychology of creativity we theoretically build the conceptual model of reflexive creativity and we also examine the precedents of its psychology-pedagogical development in the secondary and high education (in case of reflexive-psycological support).
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.