Региональные и мегарегиональные торговые соглашения: торговля сельскохозяйственной продукцией в Транстихоокеанском партнерстве
International trade in XXIc. is fundamentally different from trade in second half of XXc. Today not only goods but whole industries are crossing borders. As a consequence, trade needs new rules. If new rules cannot be generated on multilateral level, they are to be elaborated otherwise. Nowadays Trans-Pacific Partnership is a layout which includes new rules and regulations beyond the WTO legal base. The article deals with investment, financial services and macroeconomic policy provisions of TPP.
The factors and reasons that prevented the USSR from becoming a GATT contracting party are analyzed, as well as consequences of refusal by the USSR of membership in the system of multilateral regulation. The issues of ensuring Russia's effective participation in the WTO are considered. Special attention is focused on the role of the WTO in the current situation, as well as on alternative scenarios of development of the system of international trade regulation in the context of attempts to form mega-regional trade agreements.