ИСЛАМСКИЙ ФАКТОР В СОВРЕМЕННОЙ АФРИКЕ: «ПЕРЕХОДНЫЙ ПЕРИОД» И «РЕИСЛАМИЗАЦИЯ»
The article is devoted to the analysis of the Islamic factor in political processes in Africa. The author analyzes whether the conceptof «re-Islamization» can be applied to modern African realities and if it covers the entire African space or may be applied only toits part. The article reviews the Muslim countries of Africa in the context of the concept of dependent development and thephenomena of «Liminality» and «re-Islamization» in the countries and societies of Africa in the polarization of the Muslim spiritualelite on the scale of minimalism-maximalism. The author characterizes the Islamic States and Islamic international organizations onthe African continent, provides information about the spread of Islam and the number of Muslims in Africa. The author describesthe crises of elites, that has spread over almost all the countries of the Islamic area. This crisis stimulated the split within the localIslamic communities (Umma). Religious and ideological platforms of minimalism and maximalism appeared. After 2001 andparticularly after the events of the Arab Spring of 2011-2012 many Islamic countries of Africa found themselves in the transitionperiod (liminality) and even re-Islamization.