Многообразие полномочий Президента Российской Федерации и их комплексная классификация (вторая часть)
The second part of the article provides the system synthetic classification of presidential powers. The specification is based on explication of presidential status essence, sources of law, value-based and functional mission of powers, legal meaning and activity process of the President. There are two groups: ordinary and extraordinary powers, above all. The further split relates to constitutional and extra-textual powers and their spices. There are precedent, legal, statute, inherent and implicit extra-textual powers here. Also, the incident and political powers are determined among ordinary powers and non-public ones for extraordinary powers. Finally, the author argued the need of radical minimization of extra-textual powers and defines main directions of its realization. The legal and political bottlenecks prevented to bring presidential powers into compliance with the functionality assigned as constitutional are marked by the author.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.