Построение цепочек значимости элементов содержания математических дисциплин (курс «Эконометрика» по программе бакалавриата)
This article deals with the study of the plot invariant and its variability that occurs on the level of the linguistic structure of texts. The material of research is based on Middle English folklore texts. The author tries to show the notion of variation as a process taking into account literature and linguistic stability and variability of the folk texts. Becoming more resultative even in the theory of translation, the concept of invariant for an interpreter is the idea that should remain unchanged and understood as information to be passed on, while an expressed idea is becoming a variant already.
The paper theorizes on the general architectonics of idealized cognitive models (ICMs) and their involvement in metonymy and metaphor. The article posits that an ICM's structure should reflect the architecture of the neural network/s engaged in processing of a given concept. The ICM nodes, or cogs, construct a complex, hierarchically organized neural connections, with the superior nodes being highly selective, invariant and prototypical. Signals travelling from one cog to another within one ICM are essentially metonymical, while a cog shared by two or more ICMs marks a metaphoric shift.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.