Исследование моделей эстампажей Амурских петроглифов из коллекции МАЭ РАН
The sites with the petroglyphs of the Russian Far East (Sikachi-Alyan, Sheremetyevo, Kiya), documented by expeditions of Alexey P. Okladnikov in the 20th century keep the potential of new discoveries. Okladnikov fi rst visited Sikachi-Alyan and nearby sites in 1935 as part of an expedition of the Institute of Anthropology, Archeology and Ethnography of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Since 1958, works on documenting the rock art of the Lower Amur have been carried out under his leadership. Since the beginning of the 2000s, the movement of boulders due to impact of river ice during breaking as well as losses associated with both natural and anthropogenic impact on sites with petroglyphs has been continuously monitored. One of the main tasks of research is the search for images that are not observed after the expeditions of Okladnikov, as well as previously unknown petroglyphs, for which various archival materials of past years are utilized. In 2004, in the Department of Archeology of the MAE RAS, Elena A. Miklashevich discovered a folder with so-called estampages (paper squeezes) of Amur petroglyphs, made in 1935. As one of the techniques for documenting rock art monuments, it was used for copying and displaying petroglyphs of Central Asia, Karelia and other regions of Russia. This study is about the experience of creating three-dimensional polygonal models of estampages and comparing them with models of modern surfaces with petroglyphs. The objective of the comparison was to assess the accuracy of the reproduction of the rock art by the method of paper squeezing, as well as the possibility of using 3D models of the estampages for change and damage detection.
This article is devoted to the development of migration in the Russian Far East over the past centuries. Analyzing census data (from the first census in the Russian Empire in 1897 to the Russian Census 2010), the author investigates temporal and spatial transformations of migration processes in the Russian Far East regions.
Using the concept of lifetime migration, the author reveals, what regions and territories provided the growth of the population of the Russian Far East during the last centuries, where these people were going and what results it produced. This paper also tries to explain, how the Russian Far East modified from the most colonized and actively increasing population region to the most quickly losing it territory in the Russian Federation.
This concept allows to estimate migration over a long period in the absence of other reliable sources of information. The Russian Far East made the transition from the most colonized and actively increasing population to the territory of most losing it.
Starting from Sakhalin projects and following the production facilities establishment by Japanese companies in manufacturing industries in Russia investment relations between the two countries started expanding rapidly during the recent couple of decades. Today investment cooperation has reached a new development stage, which reveals not only quantitative, but also qualitative changes in the pattern of FDI flows, especially in terms of structure and technological level.
The paper addresses the aspect of regional differences in the approach of Japanese investors toward projects in Russia. The comparison of the major macro-regions that attract Japanese investment (Far-Eastern and Western regions, including Central and North-Western Federal Districts) allows to reveal the critical differences in the industrial distribution that reflect specifics of economic development and investment climate of these territories. However, the Western and Eastern parts of Russia complement each other in terms of investment attraction and contribute to the development of multifaceted and diversified framework for investment cooperation between Russia and Japan.
This article explores the multivalent meanings of the “porto-franco” concept and practices in the discussions of the duty-free trade in the Russian Far East in the second half of the 19th century. Taken both as a phenomenon of everyday social, economic and management practices and as a concept that was a product of global intra- and inter-imperial comparison “porto-franco” entered the political language in which the discussion of the political organization of imperial space was conducted. Based on a comparison of several political projects, such as nationalistic and regionalist ones, and their stance towards duty-free trade in the Russian Far East, the article reveals the presence of “porto-franco” in the political vocabulary and imagination of the era due to the politicization and nationalization of economic discourse in the modernizing empire.
In The Baron's Cloak, Willard Sunderland tells the epic story of the Russian Empire's final decades through the arc of the Baron's life, which spanned the vast reaches of Eurasia. Tracking Ungern's movements, he transits through the Empire's multinational borderlands, where the country bumped up against three other doomed empires, the Habsburg, Ottoman, and Qing, and where the violence unleashed by war, revolution, and imperial collapse was particularly vicious. In compulsively readable prose that draws on wide-ranging research in multiple languages, Sunderland recreates Ungern’s far-flung life and uses it to tell a compelling and original tale of imperial success and failure in a momentous time.
Geographic proximity, common economic interests and political strife towards normalization of the relations between the Russian Federation and Japan are supposed to result in a positive dynamics of economic exchanges between the two nations including the increase in the cargo volumes shipped through the Japanese and Russian ports across the Sea of Japan. However, recent years were rather unsuccessful in terms of container turnover between both countries. This article approaches to a series of expert interviews in order to find out and analyze views and opinions of interested parties from Russia and Japan on the topic of the ways of increasing the container turnover between Japanese and Primorsky krai ports across the Sea of Japan.
Russia’s recent domestic and foreign policy steps demonstrate that the Russian government is setting a long-term geopolitical task of integrating the country into the Asia-Pacific through the accelerated development of its Siberian and Far Eastern regions. While attempts to reorient Russia toward the East are not completely new in the Russian history, this chapter demonstrates that now the geopolitical setting is different and this time conditions are ripe for Russia to make this change feasible. These circumstances open up new opportunities for international cooperation in the development of Russia’s Far East and Siberia, and many countries display interest in cooperation with Russia. However, to make international cooperation blossom in Russia’s eastern regions, Russia, together with foreign partners, needs to deal with a range of structural challenges and make changes accordingly.