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Article

Исследование моделей эстампажей Амурских петроглифов из коллекции МАЭ РАН

Свойский Ю. М., Леванова Е. С., Романенко Е. В., Конакова Е. С.

The sites with the petroglyphs of the Russian Far East (Sikachi-Alyan, Sheremetyevo, Kiya), documented by expeditions of Alexey P. Okladnikov in the 20th century keep the potential of new discoveries. Okladnikov fi rst visited Sikachi-Alyan and nearby sites in 1935 as part of an expedition of the Institute of Anthropology, Archeology and Ethnography of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Since 1958, works on documenting the rock art of the Lower Amur have been carried out under his leadership. Since the beginning of the 2000s, the movement of boulders due to impact of river ice during breaking as well as losses associated with both natural and anthropogenic impact on sites with petroglyphs has been continuously monitored. One of the main tasks of research is the search for images that are not observed after the expeditions of Okladnikov, as well as previously unknown petroglyphs, for which various archival materials of past years are utilized. In 2004, in the Department of Archeology of the MAE RAS, Elena A. Miklashevich discovered a folder with so-called estampages (paper squeezes) of Amur petroglyphs, made in 1935. As one of the techniques for documenting rock art monuments, it was used for copying and displaying petroglyphs of Central Asia, Karelia and other regions of Russia. This study is about the experience of creating three-dimensional polygonal models of estampages and comparing them with models of modern surfaces with petroglyphs. The objective of the comparison was to assess the accuracy of the reproduction of the rock art by the method of paper squeezing, as well as the possibility of using 3D models of the estampages for change and damage detection.