Критика парламентаризма в учении А.А. Борового
The article discusses the views of Alexei Borovoi, one of the most prominent representatives of Russian post-classical anarchism, on issues related to the phenomena of parliamentarism and representative democracy. The first part of the article examines the basic philosophy behind the concept of anarcho-humanism, which determined Borovoi’s critical attitude to parliamentarian organization. His doctrine are based on negative dialectics and the continuous pursuit of an ideal that sends the society on an eternal quest for political forms compatible with the requirements of individuals with an ever increasing degree of liberty. The main part of the article analyzes Borovoi’s arguments against parliamentarism that can be summed up in the following six points: (a) the class nature of parliaments and the fi ctitious power of popular will; (b) the tyranny of the masses; (c) the parliament’s subordination to the government; (d) the opportunism of political parties; (e) the hypocrisy of election procedures; and (f) non-professionalism of parliamentarians.