Synthesis of Nitriles from Aldehydes with Elongation of the Molecule with Two Carbon Atoms
European Journal of Organic Chemistry. 2019. Vol. 2019. No. 1. P. 32-35.
Afanasyev O., Zarochintsev A., Petrushina T., Cherkasova A., Denisov G., Cherkashchenko I., Chusova O., Oh J., Chun M., Usanov D., Semenov S., Chusov D.
A new protocol for the synthesis of nitriles from carbonyl compounds with elongation of the molecule with two carbon atoms was developed. It involves a reaction of ethyl cyanoacetate with different aldehydes in the presence of iron pentacarbonyl as a reducing agent. This protocol is very simple and requires only commonly available reagents, with no catalyst or complicated ligands being employed.
Research target: Chemistry
, , et al., Organometallics 2018 Vol. 37 No. 15 P. 2553-2562
An efficient protocol for synthesis of indenyl rhodium complexes with arene ligands has been developed. The hexafluoroantimonate salts [(η5-indenyl)Rh(arene)](SbF6)2 (arene = benzene (2a), o-xylene (2b), mesitylene (2c), durene (2d), hexamethylbenzene (2e), and [2.2]paracyclophane (2g)) were obtained by iodide abstraction from [(η5-indenyl)RhI2]n (1) with AgSbF6 in the presence of benzene and its derivatives. The procedure is also suitable for the ...
Added: June 26, 2019
, , et al., Organic Letters 2017 Vol. 19 No. 20 P. 5657-5660
Rh-catalyzed one-step reductive amidation of aldehydes has been developed. The protocol does not require an external hydrogen source and employs carbon monoxide as a deoxygenative agent. The direction of the reaction can be altered simply by changing the solvent: reaction in THF leads to amides, whereas methanol favors formation of tertiary amines. ...
Added: June 26, 2019
, , , Журнал прикладной химии 2021 Т. 94 № 3 С. 275-295
Materials-science aspects of the development of color road pavement (color asphalt concretes) and marking are considered. Kinds of binders used as a base for color asphalt concretes are characterized; these include dark petroleum bitumens, colorless polymer binders, and biobinders. The main requirements to colorless binders are formulated. The relationship between the composition and physicochemical, mechanical, ...
Added: January 29, 2023
Adsorption of molecular oxygen on the Ag(111) surface: A combined temperature-programmed desorption and scanning tunneling microscopy study
, , et al., Journal of Chemical Physics 2018 Vol. 148 No. 24 Article 244702
The adsorption of O-2 on Ag(111) between 300 and 500 K has been studied with temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). At the first stage of adsorption, the disordered local oxide phase (commonly looking in STM as an array of black spots) is formed on the surface irrespective of the substrate temperature. The maximum concentration of black spots was found to be approximate to 0.11 ML, which corresponds to an oxygen coverage of approximate to 0.66 ML. Taking into account that the nucleation of the Ag(111)-p(4 x 4)-O phase starts after the saturation of the disordered phase, one ...
Added: October 25, 2021
Synthesis, molecular structure and catalytic performance of heterocycle-fused cyclopentadienyl-amido CGC of Ti (IV) in ethylene (co)polymerization: The formation and precision rheometry of long-chain branched polyethylenes
, , et al., European Polymer Journal 2022 Vol. 176 Article 111397
Long-chain branching is an efficient tool to design and produce polyolefins with enhanced mechanical characteristics, physical properties, and processability. In the synthesis of long-chain branched polyethylene (LCB PE), constrained geometry complexes (CGCs) of Ti (IV) [(η5-C5Me4)SiMe2NtBu]TiX2 (X = Cl, Ti1; X = alkyl) are highly effective at elevated temperatures. However, further development of polyolefin technologies ...
Added: September 12, 2022
Reply to Comment on ‘Nonlocal statistical field theory of dipolar particles in electrolyte solutions’
, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 2019 Vol. 31 P. 078002-078003
We reply to the comment on our paper by Budkov (2018 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 30 344001). ...
Added: January 4, 2019
Push-pull molecules bearing a hydrazonocyclopentadiene acceptor moiety: from the synthesis to organic photovoltaic applications
, , et al., Mendeleev Communications 2019 Vol. 29 No. 3 P. 304-306
First representatives of a novel class of compounds containing an electron-accepting hydrazonocyclopentadiene moiety, π-conjugated phenylene spacer, and electron-donating triphenylamine moiety have been synthesized. Investigation of their optical, electrochemical and photovoltaic properties revealed a high potential of the hydrazonocyclopentadiene acceptor moiety in the design of donor-acceptor compounds for organic photovoltaics. ...
Added: October 14, 2020
Rotating ring-disk electrode as a quantitative tool for the investigation of the oxygen evolution reaction
, , et al., Electrochimica Acta 2018 Vol. 286 P. 304-312
In this work we analyze the applicability limits of the rotating ring-disk electrode (RRDE) technique for quantifying the amount of oxygen produced during the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). We utilize a state-of-the art IrO2 oxide as a carbon-free OER catalyst and La1xSrxMn0.5Co0.5O3d, x . 0.25 and 0.5 perovskites, which are studied in the presence of carbon. RRDE experiments ...
Added: May 29, 2019
A Planar‐Chiral Rhodium(III) Catalyst with a Sterically Demanding Cyclopentadienyl Ligand and Its Application in the Enantioselective Synthesis of Dihydroisoquinolones
, , et al., Angewandte Chemie - International Edition 2018 Vol. 57 No. 26 P. 7714-7718
The rapid development of enantioselective C−H activation reactions has created a demand for new types of catalysts. Herein, we report the synthesis of a novel planar‐chiral rhodium catalyst [(C5H2tBu2CH2tBu)RhI2]2 in two steps from commercially available [(cod)RhCl]2 and tert‐butylacetylene. Pure enantiomers of the catalyst were obtained through separation of its diastereomeric adducts with natural (S)‐proline. The catalyst promoted enantioselective ...
Added: September 29, 2020
, , et al., Synthesis 2021 Vol. 53 No. 24 P. 4689-4699
Directly accessible 8-substituted tetrahydroquinolines undergo 1,5-hydride shift-triggered cyclization to provide hardly accessible julolidine derivatives in 20-98% yield under scandium (III) triflate catalysis. The scope of the reaction, several follow-up transformations and a remarkable side-process discovered during the conditions optimization are highlighted. ...
Added: July 29, 2021
Effects of Support Structure and Composition on the Activity of Cu–Ni Catalysts for Methanol Steam Reforming
, , et al., Inorganic Materials 2019 Vol. 55 No. 12 P. 1230-1236
We have studied the catalytic activity of Cu–Ni bimetallic catalysts on yttrium-, tin-, zinc-, and niobium-doped zirconia and ceria supports for methanol steam reforming (MSR), a process for hydrogen production, and examined the effect of the nature of the dopants and annealing temperature on the structure and particle size of the oxide supports and the ...
Added: November 18, 2019
Synthesis of Rhodium Complexes with Chiral Diene Ligands via Diastereoselective Coordination and Their Application in the Asymmetric Insertion of Diazo Compounds into E−H Bonds
, , et al., Angewandte Chemie - International Edition 2021 Vol. 60 No. 34 P. 18712-18720
A new method for the synthesis of chiral diene rhodium catalysts is introduced. The readily available racemic tetrafluoro-benzobarrelene complexes [(R 2 -TFB)RhCl] 2 were separated into two enantiomers via selective coordination of one of them with the auxiliary S -salicyl-oxazoline ligand. One of the resulting chiral complexes with an exceptionally bulky diene ligand [( R,R ...
Added: January 24, 2023
Effect of different organic additives on the shape, size and scintillation properties of Bi4Ge3O12 powders synthesized by the microwave-hydrothermal method
, , et al., Advanced Powder Technology 2021 Vol. 32 No. 1 P. 175-185
A route for production of fine Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO) powder is sought after to lower the cost of scintillation devices and make their shapes more versatile. A systematic study of highly dispersed BGO crystallization under the hydrothermal-microwave (HTMW) conditions was carried out in the present work. Anionic, cationic and non-ionic surfactants, chelating agents and polyols were used to modify ...
Added: October 23, 2022
, , et al., Materials Research Bulletin 2022 Vol. 155 Article 111971
The phase composition, microstructure, electrical and thermal conductivity of Nd2±xHf2±xO7±δ ceramic materials have been studied. (Nd2-xHfx)Hf2O7+x/2 (x = 0.2, 0.32, 0.39) composites, containing 4–16 wt% HfO2, have the highest conductivity and the brightest narrow-band luminescence among materials under study. The (Nd2-xHfx)Hf2O7+x/2 (x = 0.2) composite, containing ~ 4 wt % HfO2, is shown to have ...
Added: July 16, 2022
, , , ChemTexts 2022 Vol. 8 No. 4 Article 21
In the 1920s, due to the First World War and subsequent events in the Soviet Union, many educated and ambitious young people of diferent nationalities were forced to leave the country where they were born. A lot of them ended up in Prague. Thanks to the policy of President Masaryk, students who did not complete their education ...
Added: November 28, 2022
, Теоретическая и математическая физика 2019 Т. 201 № 1 С. 65-83
We study the process of a nucleon separating from an atomic nucleus from the mathematical standpoint using experimental values of the binding energy for the nucleus of the given substance. A nucleon becomes a boson at the instant of separating from a fermionic nucleus. We study the further transformations of boson and fermion states of separation in a ...
Added: November 1, 2019
Specific binding of the α-component of the lantibiotic lichenicidin to the peptidoglycan precursor lipid II predetermines its antimicrobial activity
, , et al., International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2023 Vol. 24 No. 2 P. 1
To date, a number of lantibiotics have been shown to use lipid II — a highly conserved peptidoglycan precursor in the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria — as their molecular target. The α-component (Lchα) of the two-component lantibiotic lichenicidin (Lchα), previously isolated from the Bacillus licheniformis VK21 strain, seems to contain two putative lipid II binding ...
Added: February 21, 2023
Synthesis of Diazanorcaradienes and 1,2-Diazepines via the Tandem [4+2]-Cycloaddition/Retro-[4+2]-Cycloaddition Reaction between Methoxycarbonylcyclopropenes and Dimethoxycarbonyltetrazine
, , et al., European Journal of Organic Chemistry 2019 Vol. 2019 No. 26 P. 4133-4138
The reaction of di(methoxycarbonyl)tetrazine with substituted cycloprop-2-ene-1-carboxylates gives a series of 3,4-diazanorcaradienes and 1,2-diazepines. The influence of the nature of cyclopropenes and the reaction conditions on its selectivity was investigated. The addition of nucleophiles to norcaradienes was studied and a rare example of the “walk” rearrangement in this class of compounds was revealed. ...
Added: October 12, 2019
, , et al., Polymers 2021 Vol. 13 No. 15 P. 2513
Low chemical durability of proton exchange membranes is one the main factors limiting their lifetime in fuel cells. Ceria nanoparticles are the most common free radical scavengers. In this work, hybrid membranes based on Nafion-117 membrane and sulfonic or phosphoric acid functionalized ceria synthesized from various precursors were prepared by the in situ method for ...
Added: February 3, 2022
, , Polymer Science - Series C 2018 Vol. 60 No. Supplement 1 P. 148-159
Theoretical models of the conformational behavior of flexible polymer chains in mixed solvents enunciated in the world literature during the last decade are critically reviewed. Models describing different mechanisms of coil-to-globule transitions in a good solvent induced by cosolvent addition are highlighted. Special attention is given to the analysis of theoretical approaches to describing the ...
Added: November 30, 2018
Диффузионные свойства гетерогенных мембран, допированных оксидом циркония с функционализированной поверхностью
, , , Журнал неорганической химии 2015 Т. 60 № 11 С. 1551-1553
The properties of hybrid materials based on the MK-40 heterogeneous membrane, the MF-4SK homogeneous membrane, and zirconium oxide with a functionalized surface are studied. The ionic conductivity and diffusion parameters of these materials were studied. The presence of the asymmetry effect of diffusion permeability and mutual diffusion of HCl and NaCl solutions through the studied ...
Added: November 13, 2019
, , et al., Batteries 2022 Vol. 8 No. 8 Article 98
Nanostructure composites Ge-Co-P with brutto-composition CoGe2P0.1, or CoGe2@GeP were manufactured via electrolysis of aqueous electrolyte. Such composites are able to reversible insertion of lithium and sodium with specific capacities up to 855 and 425 mAh/g, respectively. The main advantage of the composites consists in their excellent cycleability. ...
Added: November 25, 2022
Evaluation of the Possibility to Use Coalbed Methane to Produce Methanol Both by Direct Partial Oxidation and From Synthesis Gas
, , et al., Eurasian Chemico-Technological Journal 2022 Vol. 24 No. 2 P. 157-163
The possibility of using coalbed methane to produce methanol is assessed. Methanol can be obtained from methane both by direct partial oxidation and from synthesis gas formed through the oxidative conversion of methane. Thermodynamic analysis of coalbed methane conversion was carried out to determine the conditions for obtaining synthesis gas with the ratio [H2 ]/[CO] = ...
Added: October 7, 2022
Nitrogen-Rich Energetic Materials Provides in-depth and comprehensive knowledge on both the chemistry and practical applications of nitrogen-rich energetic materials Energetic materials, a class of material with high amounts of stored chemical energy, include explosives, pyrotechnics, and propellants. Initially used for military applications, nitrogen-rich energetic materials have become important in the civil engineering and aerospace sectors, they are ...
Added: January 31, 2023