Жизненный цикл образовательной организации: эмпирический подход
The article describes the model of the school lifecycle, proposed the methodology of a determining the stage of the school lifecycle using quantitative and qualitative parameters. Assessment the stages of the life cycle of four schools that are identical in their characteristics (status, age, size, location) and providing practical solutions are important result of the research. At first, we examined the position of the schools in the model of the lifecycle by quantitative indicators using three criteria: education quality, educational process resource supply, competitiveness of educational services. School reports based on self-examination provided the empirical evidence for indicators’ calculation. All the indicators are analyzed in a five-year dynamics, their averages for sample schools are defined over two time periods and percentile changes over a given period are calculated. The life cycle stage of a school is determined based on an aggregate indicator (final school evaluation), which is calculated considering weight coefficients. At second, we determined a dominant organizational culture type, which based on the Robert E. Quinn and Kim S. Cameron’s OCAI method, for verification the primary quantitative diagnostics results. Qualitative data was gathered from a teachers and school managers’ poll. The life cycle determination method proposed in this study can be used in management practice by the school principal.
The study analyzes the genesis of the modern attitude towards spelling and spelling mistakes in Germany and in Russia in the nineteenth century, showing that both the spelling norms and the relevance of their violation are social constructions to do with major developments of the time such as industrialization, political reaction, proliferation of literacy and mass schooling, and introduction of exams and grading as means to check the upward social mobility via education.
Crisis is a burning issue; this is not a phenomenon, which can be conquered forever. Current approach to crisis is an optimized collaboration, which allows for manageable, measurable and predictable software development. Crisis is a new reality to live and work with. The current software development crisis dates back to the 1960s. The root cause of crisis is misbalance between resources and options. Understanding the nature of crisis helps to understand the reasons for the future crises.
This book is a navigator in lifecycle models, methodologies, principles and practices for predictable and efficient software development in crisis, i.e. under rapid requirement changes, resource deficit and other uncertainties. Therefore, the starting chapters suggest the major approaches to software development and their applicability in crisis. Further narration is case-based; it involves large-scale software implementations in different industries and knowledge transfer processes in IT education. The book suggests a set of principles that potentially marry the client’s and the developer’s views of the future software product in order to avoid or to mitigate the crisis.
The book will be helpful for students, postdocs, theorists and practitioners in software development. It suggests approved principles and practices of crisis management for software development.
In the article it is examined the key approaches to the management of educational systems within modernization of education in Russia. It is demonstrated the principal differences in management for the educational institution and educational organization. It is described the capabilities provided for the development of educational institutions within 174-Federal Law and 83 — Fedeal Law. It is underlined the decisive role of the agreed values of the participants in educational process for the results of the educational development system.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.