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Article

Новая волна интеллектуальной эмиграции из России: мотивы, каналы и механизмы

The papers analyzing modern emigration intentions of Russians and their fulfillment are not numerous. One of the reasons behind that is the lack of reliable statistical data concerning persons who leave their home country and do not notify the registration body of their departure for the new place of residence. However they are great in number. What can be done to fill the gap is to provide a statistical analysis of the main countries accepting Russian emigrants, which was already done by certain researchers, or to use qualitative sociological methods.  The  present  paper  analyzes  the  results  of  semi­structured  interviews with skilled emigrants who left Russia in 2011—2017; the interviews were part of a research project conducted by the Institute for Social Analysis and Forecasting of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration in 2017. The analysis of participant  interviews  helps  to  indentify  the motives, channels and mechanisms of

Russian emigrants with higher education diplomas and to answer the questions

referring to similarities and differences between individuals of different professions, age groups and those leaving for different  countries  when  they  choose certain patterns. The authors conclude that the lack of relevant differences in intentions across all the above­mentioned groups is one of the main findings. Over recent years most of skilled emigrants have been driven primarily by economical  and  partially  by  political  motives.  Nevertheless,  the  choice  of  channels and  mechanisms  of  emigration  are  greatly shaped by the professional background,  type  of employment,  age  and  even the migration direction. IT workers and employees working in finance and economic sector tend to relocate using labor contracts; young scientists opt for grant schemes or free internships; older generation involving creative profession als and people of liberal professions turn to education channels using their own funds. The group of remote job skilled emigrants is distinctive as they use the whole  variety  of  channels  and  mechanisms to move abroad.