Факторы, определяющие тип потребления алкоголя среди студентов
The youth including college students being a group starting to consume alcohol is of special interest to researchers. This paper examines the types of alcohol consumption demonstrated by Moscow college students and the factors determining said types. The research focuses not on the amount of alcohol consumed as is the case with the majority of existing works, but actual practices, understood according to Bourdieu as learned behavior schemes, disclosing the key ways of social existence of a group. The typology is based on frequency of alcohol consumption, type of alcohol drinks consumed, volume, place and time (day of the week), indulgence levels and conditions of alcohol consumption (the role of social interactions). The study was aimed at discovering which factors determine the differences in alcohol consumption practices in a social group homogenous by certain demographical indexes. Typological analysis of student alcohol consumption showed that alcohol consumption practices are to a larger degree determined by social factors than economic or demographic ones. Such social factors as: intense consumption of alcohol by the student’s social circle (partner, friends, father), nature of relations in the family, leisure activity type (mass entertainment) and the notion that public alcohol consumption is normal – have a positive influence. Having experience of problems caused by alcohol consumption, «cultured» type of leisure activity and intense alcohol consumption by the student’s mother have a negative influence on the intensity of student alcohol consumption.