ЖЕНСКИЕ КОММУНИКАТИВНЫЕ ПРАКТИКИ И ТРАДИЦИОННЫЙ УКЛАД ЖИЗНИ В ПРОИЗВЕДЕНИЯХ Г. ЯХИНОЙ «ЗУЛЕЙХА ОТКРЫВАЕТ ГЛАЗА» И ЛУ СИНЯ «МОЛЕНИЕ О СЧАСТЬЕ»
The article is dedicated to the studies of communicative practices characterizing the system of traditional lifestyles of women in China and Russia. On the basis of comparative analyses of the novel Zuleikha Opens Her Eyes by Guzel Yakhina and a story The New Year Sacrifice by Lu Xun the basic types and characteristics of communication of women with social surroundings, family and nature are defined. These include: social and sacral communicative practices, based on social and ethno cultural values and ethno psychological attitudes. The dual character of ethno-cultural tradition forming women’s lifestyle is determined, constructive and destructive aspects of women’s communicative practices are studied. Women’s characters are studied as examples of the transformation of the traditional lifestyle within the context of conflicting relations between old traditional norms and new socio-cultural realities, various types of social bans and penalties (up to sanctioned abuse). The books by Guzel Yakhina and by Lu Xun reveal parallel trends in the artistic representation of basic characteristics of cultural traditions regulating women’s activities in family and society as well as similar ethical and psychological features of both main characters. The article studies two levels of realization of women’s communicative practices: “husband – wife”, and “son – mother”. It is stressed that the researched books both represent women’s communicative practices not only as verbal activity, but as a description of various types on non-verbal communication (touching, gestures, positions), which is more important for the image of a mother. The realization of women’s communicative scenarios, such as “standard scenario”, “gaining meaning of life scenario” and “scenario of losing one’s family” are examined.