Влияние параметров тлеющего разряда на среднее межчастичное расстояние в плазменно-пылевых структурах в диапазоне температур от криогенных до комнатной
The molecular dynamics method is used for studying the effect of forces acting in a dusty plasma and discharge parameters on the mean interparticle distance in structures in a dc glow discharge in the temperature range 50–300 K. We report on the results of the dependence of the mean interparticle distance on the neutral gas temperature in simplified and modified models of the dusty plasma. The simplified model includes the screened Coulomb potential and the ambipolar trap; in the modified model, the thermophoretic force, the ion shading force, and the neutral shading force are accounted for additionally. All these forces are calculated from the experimental values of the discharge parameters (current, pressure, temperature, and type of gas). The modified model of the dusty plasma system makes it possible to explain the experimental form of the dependence of the mean interparticle distance in dusty structures on the discharge gas temperature. We propose a method for estimating the ion concentration in the discharge gas from the mean interparticle distance in dusty plasma structures.
Wave processes occurring under the interaction of the Earth's magnetosphere with dusty plasma near the lunar surface are studied. Ion-acoustic waves are shown to be excited in some regions of the magnetosphere due to the development of a linear hydrodynamic instability. This results in the excitation of ion-acoustic turbulence in these regions. Dust-acoustic waves are demonstrated to be generated due to the development of linear kinetic instability in the entire region of magnetotail interaction with dusty plasma near the Moon. Correspondingly, dust-acoustic turbulence can be excited in the entire region of the interaction of the Earth's magnetosphere with dusty plasma near the lunar surface. We discuss magnetic reconnection processes, which are related to the development of plasma turbulence at the Moon.
The self-consistency and basic openness of dusty plasma, charge fluctuations, high dissipation and other features of dusty plasma system lead to the appearance of a number of unusual and unique properties of dusty plasma. “Anomalous” heating of dusty particles, anisotropy of temperatures and other features, parametric resonance, charge fluctuations and interaction potential are among these unique properties. Study is based on analytical approach and numerical simulation. Mechanisms of “anomalous” heating and energy transfer are proposed. Influence of charge fluctuations on the system properties is discussed. The self-consistent, many-particle, fluctuation and anisotropic interparticle interaction potential is studied for a significant range of gas temperature. These properties are interconnected and necessary for a full description of dusty plasmas physics.
The article considers a choice of CAD system and SPICE-models for the circuit simulation of characteristics of the bipolar (BiJFET) analog integrated circuits (IC) at the exposure of the penetrating radiation (PR) and the low temperatures. The authors suggest a modified SPICE-model, which describes the nonmonotonic change of the peak drain current and the slope of the p-n junction FET (JFET) within the temperature range from –200ºС to 30ºС.
This paper presents Low-T SPICE models of sub-micron MOSFETs, designed to calculate electronic circuits in the cryogenic temperature range (down to 4 K). The procedure for extracting the Low-T SPICE model parameters based on the measurement results or TCAD simulation of a standard set of I-V and C-V characteristics in the cryogenic temperature range has been developed.
A theory is developed which describes the processes of dust particle charging in the situation when dust particles are subjected to the action of a beam of electrons. It is shown that in this situation it is necessary to consider the electron field emission in addition to the influence of the electron beam on the dust particle. We calculate the current of the electron field emission modified by the Schottky effect and find the steady-state dust particle charge. We show that in the situation considered the electrostatic energy of the dust particle is much smaller than the electron energy in the beam.
The temperature range of SPICE models of bipolar and MOS transistors is extended from –60°C to +150°C (standard commercial level) to –200°C…+300°C for low/high temperature ICs design. This is done by including additional equations for temperature-dependent parameters, and by connecting additional elements to the device equivalent circuit to take into account the thermal effects. The good agreement between simulated and measured device characteritics is achieved. The RMS error is not more than 10–20%.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Let G be a semisimple algebraic group whose decomposition into the product of simple components does not contain simple groups of type A, and P⊆G be a parabolic subgroup. Extending the results of Popov , we enumerate all triples (G, P, n) such that (a) there exists an open G-orbit on the multiple flag variety G/P × G/P × . . . × G/P (n factors), (b) the number of G-orbits on the multiple flag variety is finite.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables