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  • Интерпретация некоторых следствий второго закона термодинамики в контексте современных физических исследований

Article

Интерпретация некоторых следствий второго закона термодинамики в контексте современных физических исследований

Вопросы философии. 2019. № 4. С. 58-68.

The article focuses on an analysis of the possible connection between the second law of thermodynamics and time. The growth of entropy as a physical process - mostly its technical side - has been well studied but in fact there is no philosophical interpretation of this phenomenon according to the current research, in particular, regarding the inflation model, black holes, the holographic principle, the quantum gravity, etc. Article enhances the role of the second law in its precise connection with these promising areas of theoretical physics, which allow us to take a fresh look at law`s significance and corollaries.

In an effort to achieve this task the contexts of history of science, philosophy and modern physical research are involved. The article proposes two ways of handling the low-entropic initial state (in connection with the concept of “time arrow”). The first one is based on the assumption that if there is a selected time reference point when it should have relatively low entropy (because of its distinguishability and uniqueness). Another approach is based on the fact that gravity plays the role of a low-entropy factor which is able to explain the initial state and the observed increase in entropy in the selected direction over time.

In conclusion these ideas` possible significance for the development of the quantum gravity theory is introduced.