«Не то чтобы я это как-то исследую, просто меня интересует этот вопрос»: создание англоязычного текста в жанре research proposal как социальная практика
In our study we address the problem of how to study socially bound aspects of a written text production and make an attempt to explore non-discursive aspects of research proposal genre production. We explore how Russian students produce an English-medium research proposal text in social sciences and humanities and raise the following empirical research questions:
- What resources are important for research proposal production and do students have access to them?
- What literacy brokers influence text production and why?
- How do students perceive the research proposal genre and what values influence their writing practices?
The book is intended for undergraduate and graduate students of the Higher School of Economics. Its main objective is developing academic skills, namely enriching students’ academic vocabulary, which is an integral part of their professional education. Being able to use appropriate academic vocabulary in writing is essential for this kind of activity.
Developing Academic Literacy correlates with the book Academic Vocabulary in Use by Michael McCarthy and Felicity O’Dell (Cambridge University Press, 2008) and can be used as a source of additional exercises to practice topics covered there. Out of 50 units presented in this book we have chosen 45 which are of particular importance for the context of the National Research University. However, each unit of the present book contains not only practical exercises but also a theoretical part explaining the use of studied lexical units. Thus, the book can be used independently. As each unit covers a different lexical topic, the units can be studied in any order.
The tasks are aimed at both recognizing the lexis (on its own and within short contexts) and using it. The exercises comprise such tasks as matching words with their definitions, synonyms, antonyms, completing sentences with appropriate words, matching parts of sentences. Special attention is paid to collocations in academic context. The illustrative examples have mostly been taken from the British National Corpus, the Corpus of Contemporary American English and monolingual English dictionaries.
The book can be used both in class and individually. The exercises are provided with the Key, which allows students to check their answers, and, thus, makes the book suitable for self-study purposes. The book is provided with the Resource bank, which consists of abstracts from academic articles. All the abstracts contain lexical units studied in the book and can be used as a source of additional exercises by a teacher or self-check material by a student.
The article focuses on developing academic literacy in an English for Academic Purposes course. It reviews different approaches to teaching academic writing and shows that the "reading-to-write" approach might be the most effective one. The paper also identifies some difficulties that Russian students are likely to have due to a low level of native language academic skills and suggests ways to overcome them.
Internationalization of the modern system of education poses multiple challenges for students. Not only does this process provide them with new opportunities, such as continuing education abroad at the master’s level, but it also establishes requirements to be aware of the academic conventions different from those they learn at the bachelor’s level at a Russian university. Awareness of academic conventions implies not simply theoretical knowledge of the Western higher education system but also acquisition of practical tools that will facilitate students’ ability to integrate their knowledge into a new academic environment. One of the most essential tools for students is undoubtedly academic English. However, academic English skills development frequently leads to the situation that can be metaphorically called ‘dual academic personality,’ when students have to be able to quickly switch from one academic style to another depending on the educational context. Firstly, this paper will examine differences between Russian and Western academic writing conventions (focusing on the requirements to a BA research project), Then main difficulties and typical mistakes in academic legal writing in English made by Higher School of Economics students will be analyzed.
Douglass North, John Wallis and Barry Weingast in their book 'Violence and Social Orders' have proposed a new conceptual approach to analysis of social development. They divide all societies into those with orders of limited and open access, and consider the development as the process of opening access to economic and political activity for non-elite social groups. However, according to North, Wallis and Weingast the presence of common beliefs in society is crucial for the transition from limited to open access. From this point of view, the historical experience of the Soviet Union is extremely important because it represents a unique case of a new social order based on a specific ideology. We argue in this paper that one of the key factors of the USSR's success between the 1920s and the 1960s was connected with opening access to education, the development of healthcare system, and the opportunity for social mobility for non-elite members. These elements of open access could be implemented in reality because social equality and social activity of masses were important parts of the dominant communist ideology and were considered as an advantage in the competition with the capitalist world. These open access elements could be successfully implemented because they were supported by common beliefs in social equality, which were widely shared throughout society. However, these common beliefs were of artificial ideological origin and during this time they came into deep conflict with the personal (private) interests of the new Soviet elite. As a consequence common beliefs, which were not supported by direct experience, started to erode, and this process finally predetermined the collapse of the Soviet Union - because this social order was driven not by the private interests of economic agents and political actors but by ideological incentives. Thus, the Soviet experiment helps us to understand that sustainable social development can rely only on common beliefs and values growing from the interactions of private interests.
The coursebook is designed for students to acquire, practice, and master their communicative competence in academic writing in English, the focus being on fundamental and applied mathematics and computer science. The target of the book is to teach students to write research project proposals of their term papers, senior theses, and dissertations in the format of a research article which could prospectively be published in a Scopus- or We-of-Science-indexed journals. The book covers both academic writing and academic speaking, i.e. presenting research at conferences and defences.
The materials employed in the book are research articles published in international peer-reviewed journals, both full-text and excerpts.
The target audience comprises undergraduate students majoring in IT, fundamental and applied mathematics, and cyber- and information security. The book could also be of interest to students majoring in other STEM areas, both at the undergraduate and graduate levels.
Th e aim of the study is to explore the levels of reading literacy of Russian fi rst-year university students both in Russian and in English in a bilingual learning environment. We have developed an instrument using PISA reading literacy test in order to assess reading skills and reading literacy of students in their native and foreign languages. Th e study reveals that reading literacy levels in Russian is higher than in English, yet it reaches the highest levels of text interpretation and evaluation in neither of the languages.
As a result of Russia’s efforts to join the global academic community, key professional competencies in higher education must be reevaluated. The main aim of this article is to explore the role of writing within a foreign university setting, as well as to study the current approach to teaching writing at the National Research University Higher School of Economics. The results of our study reveal that, despite the increasing importance of academic writing and all related sub-skills, there is little evidence that the development of writing skills receives proper attention within the NRU HSE. The paper concludes with some ideas on how to better integrate academic writing into the broader university curriculum.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.