Vom Rhein an die Salzach: Teilnahme vom Straßburger Domchor an den Salzburger Festspielen und die französische Musikdiplomatie in Österreich während der Alliierten Besatzungszeit
The article presents a discursively oriented international and transnational approach to the Salzburg Festival's musical-political history in the local, national, and global context. Standing at the crossroads between the prestige politics of post–World War II Salzburg, the U.S. occupation, and the nation of France, these musicians contributed to the construction of imageries of musical Frenchness and to France's musical prestige. However, public relations efforts played an important role too, as the example of the Chorale de la Cathédrale de Strasbourg illustrates. Triumphs and controversies of French musical diplomacy in Salzburg illuminate the dynamics of interaction among cultural diplomats, musicians, and various publics and impact the postwar Austrian cultural discourse.
Hyperinfations are a modern phenomenon often associated with periods of transition. By accelerating the dynamics that govern the financial, political and private spheres of life, hyperinfations necessitate a quickened decision-making process in which alternative choices are eliminated. Using the example of Austria following the First World War, this article shows that hyperinfations are likely to have a path-determining efect on multiple levels. While periods of transitions ofer the rare opportunity for countries to break with historical path dependence, hyperinfations carry the risk of creating new path dependence prematurely. By speeding up dynamics during transformative processes, hyperinfations eliminate possible alternatives that might otherwise have been chosen. Hyperinfations are thus best understood as neither the cause nor the consequence of transitions, but as their accelerating catalyst.
A.Herzen as a scholar of contemporary history: Polish aspects. Herzen considered the Polish national movement as the main ally of Russian revolutionaries in their struggle against autocracy and highly appreciated the Poles' sacrifice. However the moderate nature of Polish social doctrine and demands to restore the former eastern border of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth caused Herzen's critical evaluations. The Polish partners of Herzen were not ready to share all of his ideas. Differences of the programs complicated Russian-Polish revolutionary cooperation. Analyzing the Russian-Polish relations of the last three decades, Herzen proposed his own vision of the Russian Empire's contemporary history.
This article examines one of the first cases of political rupture in the history of Soviet cultural diplomacy, whose main character was a Romanian writer Panaït Istrati. After his stay in the Soviet Union in 1927-1928, Istrati returns to France and publishes interviews and book where he criticizes the USSR. In 1927 Soviet press constructs the image of Istrati as a revolutionary writer, whose works were very popular in the country, but in 1929 it changes drastically its attitude toward Istrati, accusing him now of fraud and cooperation with the secret services.
The bulk of research in the history of the Russian-Polish relations of modern and contemporary periods demands deliberation on the prospects of the further development of this research area. We need to think about how receptive it is towards innovations in historical science and, in its turn, capable of contributing to the general development of historical knowledge. In this connection various research strategies are being considered, the common basis of which can become entangled history.
In the collection are published articles on a wide range of regional issues in international relations and foreign policy of the great powers in modern and contemporary times.
Volume is devoted to a wide range of issues of history and modern foreign countries.