Хозяйство полярного письма: медиализация челюскинской робинзонады
Initially published in 1939, the Book of Tasty and Healthy Food was an important document of Soviet ideology, combining practical recommendations for households with elements of political education and propaganda. It was inspired by Stalin's slogan of «socialist abundance», proclaimed in 1935. The book emerged as a unique example of social and culinary utopia, representing Soviet life as it should be, instead of as it was, while remaining a practical guide for housewives and cooks. In the later period it lost its dominant position and practical significance but remained an important cultural fact of the Soviet past.
The collection includes scientific, literary, journalistic materials and interviews of culturologists and literary critics from different countries (Germany, Georgia, Poland, Russia, USA, etc.), as well as observers of post-Soviet transformations of Russian-Georgian relations. The main task of the research is to highlight the current topics and perspectives of modeling the new reality of this literary and cultural field within the framework of interdisciplinary and international dialogue. It was literature that provided useful material that allowed us to look behind the scenes of geopolitical narratives, since politically significant thought categories are inextricably linked with both literary images of Russia and Georgia, and with the Russian-Georgian myth. If in the Soviet era, this myth contributed to the almost ritual study of the history of relations between the two peoples, since the second half of the 1980s it has become a kind of Foundation for political, military, as well as, as it seemed, and cultural division of the once "fraternal republics".
Russian travellers have played a significant role in Arctic explorations. Some of them sacrificed their lives to bring knowledge of this region to the rest of the world.
While providing a brief background of the development of Scandinavian-Russian relations in the polar sciences in the early 20th c., this paper focuses on the period from the 1930s when the Stockholm geographer Hans Ahlmann developed a curiosity of the Soviet Union as a field for the practice of arctic science. Visit of the Arctic Research Institute in Leningrad in 1934 further enhanced Ahlmann’ s sympathy and in 1935 he co-founded the Society for the Promotion of Cultural and Scientific Relations between Sweden and the Soviet Union. After further wartime collaboration, Ahlmann returned to the Soviet Union in 1958 and 1960 as president of the International Union of Geographical Sciences. Using his longtime Soviet contacts to penetrate the Iron Curtain, Ahlmann became a key figure in maintaining the flow of scientific information between East and West. New materials from archives open perspectives for better understanding of the international connections and transfer of knowledge in geophysical and geographical science in its formative period. The key message from this paper is that while tensions did exist and presented scientists with differential loyalties, they still managed to find ways to undertake fruitful scientific collaborations even under political restraints and could sometimes play ‘soft political’ roles.
Review of Michael David-Fox, Crossing Borders.
The article explores the projects of northern towns with artificial micro-climate created by architects from the Leningrad branch of the Soviet Academy of construction and Architecture in the 1960s. The analysis of discussions among Leningrad architects about the necessity to change living conditions for the population on arctic settlements reveals broader issues of social changes during the Thaw period, when the topic of everyday environment of the population and plans of its ‘rational’ reorganization had come to the fore in many research fields, including Soviet architecture.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.