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Article

Сакральная топография Бодх-гаи и текстовая традиция

THE SACRED TOPOGRAPHY OF BODH-GAYA AND BUDDHIST NARRATION Natalia V. Aleksandrova The paper reviews a complex of Buddhist pilgrimage centers in Bodh Gaya, revered in Buddhism as the place of the Buddha’s enlightenment. The author traces the relationship between the region’s sacred topography and the evidence found in various written sources, analyzing primarily the Buddhist hagiographical literature to interpret the sacred loci in their appropriate context of early Buddhist culture; descriptions of Bodh Gaya from the writings of certain Chinese pilgrims also make it possible to compare the structure of the complex throughout different time periods. The study of hagiographical texts reflecting an evolution of the legend reveals a certain correlation of the narrative with the changes in the system of the sacral sites. The author also examines the evolutionary trends of the Buddhist sacred complex and makes a conclusion about the progressive appropriation of pre-Buddhist places of worship.