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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 18
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Article
Lander Yu., Vyunova A. Journal of the Institute of Oriental Studies RAS. 2018. No. 5. P. 185-192.

This paper argues that cases, adpositions, and converbal markers need not function as markers of syntactic dependency. It is shown that in Kabardian (West Caucasian), the constituents headed by converbs and postpositions as well as case-marked NPs can appear as independent syntactic predicates, although this may correlate with the degree to which they function as semantic adjuncts: the more adjunct-like a phrase is, the easier it may constitute a syntactic predicate.

Added: Sep 28, 2018
Article
Иткин И. Б. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. № 6. С. 166-175.
Added: Oct 28, 2019
Article
Рябинин А. Л., Рябинина И. А. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. № 5. С. 95-109.

In their third installation on the problem of rural communes in the East, the authors meticulously dissect those works and views of Soviet and Russian historians and Orientalists that contain information and conclusions on commune frameworks in China, starting from the ancient times and up to the last dynasty in China – Manchu Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). Basing on the recent book by Leonid B. Alaev devoted to the scope of rural community problems, the authors introduce extensive bibliographical material of the Russian Oriental studies, and reach a conclusion about the unparalleled vitality of the rural community in China.

Added: Mar 3, 2019
Article
Рябинин А. Л., Рябинина И. А. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. № 4. С. 80-88.

This second review of the recent book of the famous Russian Indologist Leonid B. Alaev analyzes in detail Alaev’s views on the ancient sources of village communities, Marxist myths concerning Indian community, discussions on Japanese and Thai communities, as well as the monograph author’s breakthrough conclusions on the essence of the Indian community.

Added: Mar 3, 2019
Article
Александрова Н. В. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2019. № 3. С. 83-96.

The article is concerned with one of the relief images of the Stupa 1 in Sanchi representing “The Great Renunciation” (abhiniṣkramaṇa) of the future Buddha: the hero is leaving his royal palace to take the path of ascetism. The first researchers of this visual narrative (John Marshall, Alfred Foucher) were surprised comparing it to the Indian Buddhist texts, because the jambu tree presented in the middle of this composition does not fit the plot and usually is an element of the other story, which was connected with “Bodhisattva’s life in the palace”. However, if we turn to the early hagiographic text preserved in Chinese translation (IIIrd century A.D.), we get the opportunity to explain this combination of image elements: in this version of the Buddha’s biography the episode of the first meditation is included into the story of abhiniṣkramaṇa, so the sequence of events in this story corresponds to the pictorial narrative. Trying to detect any “traces” of such a variant of tradition in later Indian versions we can find some features in the Lalitavistāra’s story which can be the evidence of gradual changes in the interpretation of the plot. The scene of veneration of the tree placed in the middle of the image thus gets the certain content, while the understanding of such images is difficult because of the absence of the figure of the Buddha in early Buddhist art. Moreover, the comparison of Chinese text to the relief image from Sanchi gives proof, that this version of Buddha’s story was widespread in Ancient India.

Added: Oct 17, 2019
Article
Гусева А. В. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2019. № 2. С. 315-318.

Present review aims at acknowledging the main talks and presentations, hold at the first Oriental panel of the International Conference Actual Problems of Theory and History of Art. Borders and Horizons, which took place in Moscow in October, 2018.

Added: Oct 11, 2019
Article
Александрова Н. В., Русанов М. А. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2019. № 1. С. 105-113.

The hagiographic story of two merchants who became the first Buddhist donors raises a number of questions concerning the formation of ideas about the role of laity in the community. When referring to sources in Pāli, Sanskrit and Chinese, different versions of the legend are revealed, and their comparison makes it possible to reconstruct the evolution of the legend—to do this, the authors divide the story into separate episodes and conduct comparative analysis. The paper attempts to bring together all the variants of each episode and uncover a variety of related meanings.

Added: Oct 17, 2019
Article
Александрова Н. В., Русанов М. А. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2019. № 1(7). С. 105-113.

The hagiographic story of two merchants who became the first Buddhist donors raises a number of questions concerning the formation of ideas about the role of laity in the community. When referring to sources in Pāli, Sanskrit and Chinese, different versions of the legend are revealed, and their comparison makes it possible to reconstruct the evolution of the legend—to do this, the authors divide the story into separate episodes and conduct comparative analysis. The paper attempts to bring together all the variants of each episode and uncover a variety of related meanings.

Added: Aug 20, 2019
Article
Александрова Н. В., Русанов М. А. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2019. № 2(8). С. 143-154.

In the second part of the article devoted to the hagiographic story of the two merchants who became the first Buddhist donators we continue to consider important episodes of the legend. Analysis of this data sheds light on the problems of the role of lay people in the early community. The narratives about receiving the alms bowl, about acceptance of the benefactors into the Buddhist community, about getting of the relics allow better understanding the concepts underlying the interaction of the monastic fraternity with the Buddhist laity. The study is based on the research of Indian Buddhist texts in Sanskrit and Pali, as well as on Chinese written sources.

Added: Aug 20, 2019
Article
Лахути Л. Г., Чалисова Н. Ю. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. № 4. С. 236-253.

Abulkasim Lahuti entered the history of Iranian literature as a poet-revolutionary, who made a significant contribution to the “renewal” of Persian poetry and the development of Iranian poetic modernity. He began his career with Sufi ghazals, wrote civil poems imbued with the ideas of Constitutional Revolution of 1905–1911, and in the USSR became the founder of modern Tajik poetry. He dedicated a lot of Persian lines to the victory of October Revolution, and building of socialism. Almost all his poems follow the classical norm, both in form, and in their narrative techniques. This article focuses on Lahuti’s poem The Story of a Rose, created in 1938 as a private letter to Josef Stalin to convey a private message to the ruler asking to help Solomon Michoels and his Jewish Theater (GOSET). We preface our publication with the story behind the poem; shedding some light on the poem’s goal and the subsequent fate of its author. Dāstān-e gol is published in Persian, with Russian prosaic translation and Banu Lahuti’s verse rendition, sent to Stalin along with the original, and conclude this article with an analysis of the poem, focusing mostly on the rhetorical strategy of persuasion chosen by Lahuti in his attempt to influence the ruler by means of poetry.

Added: Aug 15, 2019
Article
Иткин И. Б. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. № 5. С. 174-178.
Added: Oct 28, 2019
Article
Рябинин А. Л. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. № 3. С. 218-225.

This review of the recent book of the famous Russian Indologist L. B. Alaev analyzes in detail some relevant theories, concerning the emergence and transformation of ancient and medieval rural community, including theories of K. Marx and F. Engels, as well as characterizing the main Soviet and Post-Soviet theories of the rural commune, and pre-historic marriage patterns.

Added: Mar 3, 2019
Article
Александрова Н. В. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. № 5. С. 38-47.

THE SACRED TOPOGRAPHY OF BODH-GAYA AND BUDDHIST NARRATION Natalia V. Aleksandrova The paper reviews a complex of Buddhist pilgrimage centers in Bodh Gaya, revered in Buddhism as the place of the Buddha’s enlightenment. The author traces the relationship between the region’s sacred topography and the evidence found in various written sources, analyzing primarily the Buddhist hagiographical literature to interpret the sacred loci in their appropriate context of early Buddhist culture; descriptions of Bodh Gaya from the writings of certain Chinese pilgrims also make it possible to compare the structure of the complex throughout different time periods. The study of hagiographical texts reflecting an evolution of the legend reveals a certain correlation of the narrative with the changes in the system of the sacral sites. The author also examines the evolutionary trends of the Buddhist sacred complex and makes a conclusion about the progressive appropriation of pre-Buddhist places of worship. 

Added: Feb 13, 2019
Article
Микульский Д. В. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. Т. II. № 14. С. 161-171.
Added: Feb 27, 2019
Article
Гусева А. В. Вестник Института востоковедения РАН. 2018. № 2. С. 154-163.

The aspect of self-correlation with Tradition in art plays an important part while discussing national and cultural identity. However, a piece of art, created in a dialogue with tradition, raises challenging questions to the viewer about the means of interpretation and evaluation of such art-work. Taking as an example the tea pavilion designed by Japanese artist H. Sugimoto, the author muses on the ways and extent of tradition’s impact on proper perception of the artist’s concepts.

Added: Jun 22, 2018