Экономическая мысль веховства между Двумя канонами
The article introduces the concept of Vekhism as a special current in Russian economic thought and deals with views of P. Struve as the central fi gure of this current. Struve’s wording of main antithesis of formative motives for economic reasoning is investigated in details: nominalism-singularism versus realism-universalism. Th ese motives are related with Two canons of economic science: abstract individualistic mainstream (classical school, marginalism) and the Other canon, advocating more concrete approaches and an active state intervention in economic aff airs. The connection of the historical and methodological research of Struve with the experience of self-determination of Russian political economy between the Two canons is shown.
The article is devoted to legal Marxism - the ideological-political period of Russian thought, associated with the attempts to connect Marxism with liberal theory of reforming bourgeois society. "Legal Marxists" with his criticism of liberal populism has helped to overcome the illusion about a special path of Russia to socialism through the peasant commune, bypassing capitalism.
Written on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the publication of Piero Sraffa's Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities, the papers selected and contained in this book accounts for the work completed around the two central aspects of his contribution to economic analysis, namely the criticism of the neoclassical (or 'marginalist') theory of value and distribution, and the reconstruction of economic theory along the lines of the Classical approach. Divided into three volumes, the book debates the most fruitful routes for advancements in this field and their implications for applied and policy analysis. The third volume collects papers concerning the interpretation of Sraffa's contribution, its relation with other streams in economic thinking, methodological debates and the history of economic thought or the evolution of his views both in general and on specific themes.
The thirty second issue of the collection includes two sections: «Theoretical problems of economics and institutional reforms» and «Applied problems and practice of institutional reforms in Russia
The paper analyzes the classical and neoclassical assumptions concerning the effect of the natural and the institutional environments on the comparative welfare of various countries. The distinction is considered between the preindustrial and industrial societies as to their natural and institutional conditions.
This review discusses the latest textbook on economic methodology. It shows that its authors think of the philosophy of science as primarily the philosophy of “hard”, natural sciences and have not tried to interpret economic theory as a social science. At the same time the book is characterized by its attention towards more recent methodological approaches, in particular, to the rhetoric of economics, and this direction might be considered as promising.