Стереотипы внутригородских районов
The article describes methods of studying vernacular intraurban areas which have been suggested basing on field investigations in San-Francisco, Khabarovsk, Perm and Smolensk. The principal point is the identification of forces influencing the intraurban vernacular areas and their vector representation which makes it possible to undertake mathematical operations with them.
In March 2011 scholars met in Prague at the conference Interculturalism, Meaning and Identity. This event revitalised this important theme related to Diversity and Recognition. The terms 'interculturalism' and 'integration' are experiencing a renaissance. As the extent of human movement between nations increases attempts are made to balance cultural difference and social cohesion. In some contexts immigration and settlement policies are becoming more draconian in response. Because of this, interculturalism can take on many meanings. However, pivotal to the way interculturalism is understood is identification. As the relationship between nation, ethnicity and language becomes more complex so too do the ways in which people represent them selves. The cultural resources drawn on and the processes used to form identities are examined in this truly international collection. So too are the implications of these developments for how we theorise culture, meaning and identity.
The article in form of a dispute discusses the issues dealt with in the article by M.V. Chekmarev and A.S. Chuprov, published in the magazine Society and Authority. In the author's opinion mass society and market economy gave birth to society, which is a matter-of-fact realization of the great Enlightenment humanism project. As a result in context of marketization a transformation of core values of traditional culture took place. The world has entered a new modality of existence - the modality of possibility.
The paper treats the issue of identity of the ego, which constitutes the central problem of personology. The skeptical approach to this problem, which sees it as not being subject to be resolved by means of science, began with D. Hume's work. Contemporary personologists (P. Ricoeur and others) approach this problem through study of culture, which imparts the ego with «narrative identity». Cultural historic psychology is a «Bridge of interpretations», upon which philosophy of culture meets psychology, and psychological data associated with «personality» are interpreted on the basis of some specific cultural philosophic theory. The «conflict of interpretations» plays and essential role in personology, which participates in the processes of emergence and overcoming of the cultural crisis. Philosophical and methodological problems that define the near term perspective development of personology are formulated: whether there are any «ego invariants» that remain regardless of any possible cultural determination; whether the ego possesses any rigidity in relation to cultural determination and, if it does, what is the nature of this rigidity; whether ego identity is destroyed when cultural determination diminishes or ceases, etc.
This paper investigates the language situation in Moscow schools with an ethnocultural component – a new form of national schools. The analysis is based on interviews which were recorded in 2007, in two Moscow schools, one of them with Armenian ethno-cultural component, and the other, with Azeri. The sample included ten students from each school (five boys and five girls).
In the paper the process of linguistic integration of Azeri and Armenian children into modern Russian society is analyzed. The comparison between these two groups is particularly appealing, because the effects of Soviet Russification, and the language situations in general, were different in Armenia and in Azerbaijan. I show that this difference influences the use of language by Azeri and Armenian children.
This chapter proposes an unfolding view of the EU as a sort of post-modern neo-medieval empire, in which narratives of othering towards Central and Eastern Europe preserve their salience.
In this paper we introduce distinction between “ontologically non-fregean” logics and “pragmatically non-fregean” ones; by means of such distinction a classification of non-fregean logics is presented as well. We believe that NFL must be considered as a many-leveled structure; each level taken separately may vary in different way – from classical to non-classical. It is not these levels themselves that we should call “fregean” or “non-fregean”, but the ways they are stuck together within the whole system. The more levels a system has, the more kinds of “fregean” and “non-fregean” we can find in it.
In article features of national and confessional self-identification of the Russian youth as parts of the title nation are considered. Ethnic and national consciousness are analyzed as significant components of process of individual and group self-identification. Research covers the studying and working youth which is arrived and which initially living in the city. The youth is the object which studying allows to predict regularities of social development in the future. Consideration of a problem considers multi-confessional, multi-ethnic and boundary in the geographical relation character of Ural as region. The emphasis is placed on specifics of behavior of representatives of title nation, as youth considerably defining a social portrait. The concept of the big city is used as steady, allocated with a number of characteristic features. Authors establish the reasons of the reduced interest to a religious and ethnic identification of with group at the young people belonging to different social groups and united by residence in the large city. The conditions necessary for an intensification of process of identification are defined. Means of updating of processes of formation of identity of youth are offered.
The paper discusses the technological specialization and patent portfolios of the Russian ‘technograds’ – the cities which are the key actors to contribute to the development of new technologies in the country. A patent analysis used for the study allowed us to identify technological domains where these cities have significant competitive advantage and high potential for further progress. According to the research-intensity of the domains prevailing in their technological specialization, the technograds might be divided into three categories: oriented towards mostly high technologies (Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Tomsk), low technologies (Krasnodar, Perm), and those with mixed specialization including both high and low tech (Voronezh, Ufa, Kazan, Novosibirsk, Ekaterinburg, and Samara).
To achieve the aim of the research, a new methodological approach was elaborated to analyze patent data for individual cities and other smaller geographical units. As a result, the paper might be of interest not only for practitioners and decision makers on the regional and municipal levels, but also for researchers in the fields of regional economics, economic geography and economics of science, technology and innovation.
The current debate on Internet-Constitution is the reflection of both the development of competition between main stakeholders and the growing social demand for the legal regulation in the area of web communications. In order for the Internet-law to function effectively it has to be legitimate i.e. it must be fair in the eyes of the public. This requires that: firstly, the aims behind the Internet-law conform with the sense of public morality; secondly, it be implemented in an impartial manner; and, thirdly, that it be applied efficiently by the system of independent mediating institutes. Thus the crucial questions about sustainability of Internet-constitution should be formulated in the following way: how new “social contract” could be adopted in order to create a stable framework for the direct (on-line) or indirect (off-line) information exchange, the accumulation of reliable information, to ensure human rights protection and the transparent international legal control over the whole process of information production, exchange and distribution, and the implementation of comparable legal and technical criteria for its evaluation made by independent and professional experts. According author’s view this constitution-based approach to Internet- rules creation provides the possibility to rethink the bulk of the fundamental legal grounds of the whole Internet project as well as the criteria for the virtual state concept and e-government strategy evaluation – legal framework, hard and soft law methods of normative and administrative regulation, technical innovations implementation and the calculation of social consequences of their use.
The predominant Post-Soviet orientation of the Russian social consciousness on stability as a reaction to the twofold collapse of the country during the 20th century is now receding. In the past quarter of a century (after the collapse of USSR and the adoption of 1993 Russian Constitution) the goals of the transitional period have been fulfilled as officially reported, a new generation has come of age, and new dynamic social groups are beginning to associate their perspectives with social changes. This growing demand for change is mainly concerned with the social sphere, but could potentially touch the area of constitutional priorities as well. The general problem is as follows: how can the Russian Constitution and political order based on it answer this growing request to fulfill still unarticulated social expectations which, under certain preconditions, could provide a negative mood? On the other hand, how can social change influence society’s vision of the Constitution, as well as the attitudes of intellectuals, politicians, and officials? In what ways will the Constitution need to adapt for the forthcoming global and national social transformations, first of all in order to confront the question of power transition in 2024. In this article the author debates the following questions: the main contemporary challenges to Russian constitutionalism, the interdependent logic of Constitutional basic norms and political regime dynamics, the dysfunctions of the legal system and parameters of political reforms prospects for developing constitutional order in light of power-transition processes, and the possible answers of the political elite and professional community to the growing demand for social and constitutional change.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.