Культурно-антропологическое значение концепта “труд” (на материалах лексем славянских языков)
The article is devoted to the philosophical interpretation of the cultural and anthropological significance of the concept of "labor" on the basis of the etymological analysis of the lexemes of Russian, Bulgarian, Polish and Ukrainian languages. The aim of the work is to reveal the characteristic semantic properties of the lexemes of the concept in the language and show their influence on the attitude of native speakers to phenomenon of labor. The article considers the historical and cultural peculiarities of fixing the concept in the form of lexemes in the indicated languages, on the basis of which the authors tried to emphasize some important aspects. At first, there is a clear interconnection of working conditions, a specific cultural and historical situation and the form of fixation of the concept in the language (this is especially true in the Ukrainian language). Secondly, the association between the token "labor" and the forms of activity associated, as a rule, with physical labor and not requiring to go beyond the limited area. At third, the importance of linguistic fixation of the concept of "labor" in the homonymous lexeme (in Russian language) in modern globalization and technocratic conditions that seek to abandon corporality and the natural form of human existence is shown and justified. In conclusion, the authors conclude that it is necessary to change this lexeme, leaving behind the society and the reader the choice in which direction human spirituality, civilization and culture will develop.