Формирование рейтинга публикационной активности российских регионов
Nowadays the question of interregional comparison in case of innovation development and identification of causes of differentiation between the Russian regions in this aspect has very high priority. The section devoted to publication activity is one of the crucial parts of different innovation ratings and scoreboards. Publication activity is very significant factor which prepares ground for innovations on regional and country levels. Also publication activity has a special value because it is used as one of the important criteria for government investments in this sphere, which as is well known not always have very high effectiveness. Today there is the necessity of creation of special rating which will be focused primary on publication activity of the Russian regions. So this article is devoted to this theme. The indicators of publication activity for 79 Russian regions in the period from 2010 to 2015 were gathered and analyzed in order to achieve the main aim of this article. The largest electronic library in Russia (eLIBRARY) was used as the main source of specific information. The rating of publication activity is based on 2 sections: “size of region” and ”quality of publications”. It was done in order to take into account not only quantitative, but also qualitative indexes. This approach makes it possible to analyze aggregate publication activity of regions which is one of the important factors to estimate innovation potentials of regions. Previous ratings were mainly concentrated on publication activity of HEIs and separate scientists. Moreover this methodology gives additional understanding of regional innovation processes and creates opportunities to monitor and evaluate local governments’ actions in stimulating of innovation development in regions.