Сравнительное исследование как новое направление в социологической методологии (обзор сентябрьского номера журнала "International Sociology")
Throughout most of their history, sociologists have sought to study unstructured organic texts: newspaper materials, diaries, memoirs, letters, documents, and, more recently, messages, publications and other texts on various online platforms. This article discusses how modern techniques of text mining can improve classical sociological approaches to the analysis of this type of data. The article is structured according to the following plan. First, examples of classical quantitative content analysis and its limitations are discussed that could be solved with the help of text mining. Then I discuss how text mining is applied in contemporary social science research with topic modeling and text classification. Finally, I conclude with a discussion of some of the current approaches to text analysis using deep learning, as well as theoretical issues related to the application of text mining
Over the past ten years the development of scientific school “Phenomenology of personality development and existence” of V. S. Mukhina had been analyzed from a perspective of disciples. Describes the major milestones of scientific and teaching profession, the profession of a writer and social activity of V. S. Mukhina as a founder and leader of scientific school. Declare the personal-biographical attitude of disciple to his teacher.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.