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Взаимосвязь временных перспектив и прокрастинации у сотрудников разного должностного статуса

Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics. 2018. Vol. 15. No. 3. P. 573-589.
Bolotova A., Чеврениди А. А.

This paper describes the current state of the problem of time perspectives and the phenomenon

of procrastination in professional activities. The paper is primarily focused on special aspects of

time perspectives and procrastination of employees with different job titles. The paper contains

an empirical study of the interrelation of time perspective and procrastination of employees with

different job titles. The results show that top managers usually focus highly on future time

perspectives (59.03) and the positive past (36.06). Their level of procrastination is lower (53.45).

Groups of middle managers show high procrastination (57.2); they focus on hedonist present

(24.6) and the negative past (31.26). The article proves a statistically significant level of

distinctions of procrastination expressiveness on the entire sample (1211 a t p < .01). A connection

between life-purpose orientation and time representation was established: the most effective lifepurpose

orientations for top management were 'life goals' (35.28), 'locus control — life' (32.7)

and 'sense of purpose of life' (155.25); in the middle management group these facts are faintly

expressed. Correlation analysis using the Spearman's Rho allowed us to highlight a high level of

procrastination in the middle management group determined by their orientation on time

perspective of negative past against low focus on the future that complicates the success of

professional activities. The regression analysis revealed the main predictors of procrastination in

the groups of top managers (aims in life, process of life and locus control-ego) and middle

managers (Fatalistic present and future). It may be assumed that personal time perspective and

its time orientation are interconnected with procrastination processes and can be considered

both negative and positive consequences that aligns with the results of the latest research

examining procrastination in professional activities.