Факторы потребительского поведения в сфере экономики совместного потребления в России на примере компании Airbnb
The article discusses the main approaches to the sharing economy definition, the characteristics of the sharing economy business model, as well as drivers and barriers that consumers of the sharing economy face. Empirical research includes the survey of the Airbnb customers. A series of in-depth interviews followed by quantitative survey are conducted to identify the factors that determine the consumers behavior in the sharing economy. As a result of qualitative and quantitative research, four groups of factors are revealed: economic, social, personal, and environmental. In addition, as a result of cluster analysis, five clusters of consumers are identified: economical, socially active, supporters of new sensations, initiative and home. The results are of great interest to researchers and management practitioners in order to form a deeper understanding of the expectations and behavioral patterns of the Russian customers in a shared economy.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management