Ресторо д'Ареццо: художник и энциклопедист XIII века
The article discusses the Composizione del mondo, the first cosmological encyclopedia in tuscanian vernacular, by Restoro d’Arezzo, ca. 1280. It is the only Restoro’s text surviving, but from it we know that he was also a practicing painter, probably a jeweler. Some passages, for instance, descriptions of painted and carved vases and of sarcophagi, show his acute esthetic attitude, prove the existence of a circle of amateurs of pagan antiquities. A textual analysis of these crucial passages allows to review some ideas, present in human sciences, about the birth of the modern, post-Renaissance, notion of the Art.
Die Mediävistik der Gegenwart befindet sich in einem Umbruch, der es notwendig macht, sich über ihren Gegenstand, ihre Ausrichtung und ihre interdisziplinäre und internationale Vernetzung Rechenschaft abzulegen. In dem vorliegenden Band geben 35 Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus 10 Ländern Auskunft über den Stand der Mittelalterforschung in ihrem Fach, in ihrem Land oder in einem bestimmten Forschungsgebiet, um eine wissenschaftliche Standortbestimmung vorzunehmen und neue Forschungsrichtungen zu diskutieren. Im ersten Teil werden Lage und Perspektiven der Geschichtswissenschaft in verschiedenen Ländern behandelt, in einem zweiten Teil wird die Situation in anderen mediävistischen Fächern geschildert. In einem dritten Teil werden neue Forschungsbereiche unter der verbindenden Frage vorgestellt, ob sich die Mediävistik zu einer "Historischen Kulturwissenschaft" entwickelt. Insgesamt wird damit eine aktuelle Thematik in einer in dieser Form einmaligen internationalen und interdisziplinären Breite behandelt.
Talisman practices of the Renaissance are usually considered as a subject of history of medicine or history of science as opposed to philosophy as a coherent and systematic discipline. There are a lot of talisman descriptions with various astral influences in the treatise of the Florentine philosopher Marsilio Ficino's Three books on life (1489). According to Neoplatonic anthropology and ontology, talismans could be understood as an expanded figurative evidence of the Universe hierarchy fully appreciated only by sage, which is characterized as a possessor of certain aptitude for the understanding of this hierarchy.
This paper deals with some problems of matching contemporary analytic theology to medieval scholasticism. It is demonstrated that those “weak points” of Christian creed which the former are trying to vindicate cannot be understood properly within the “states of affairs ontology”, but only in terms of the “ontology of things”.
The author offers a survey of main tendencies in the medieval studies in Russia and prospects of their future development.
In the next chapter of the textbook «Comparative Economics» is analyzed as a feudal society the highest and last stage of the traditional economy. Uncovered background, contents and origins of feudalism. communal character of the feudal corporations, social class structure of society. We investigate the monopoly of the ruling class on the ground and the identity of the direct producer, forms and types of feudal rent, shows the value and limitations of the guild system, particularly the development of merchant's and usurer's capital in the Middle Ages. Much attention is paid to the characterization of the mentality of the era of feudalism, medieval notions of wealth and labor, the type of Christian culture.
This article deals with the critical analysis St. Thomas' cosmological argument which was undertaken by an american theologian and analytical philosopher Alvin C. Plantinga. The ontologies of former and newer scholastics are compared in order to clarify logical and ontological assumptions of Plantinga's criticism.
In this chapter are analyzed philosophical aspects of the conflict between the Roman emperor Frederick II and the popes Honorius III, Gregory IV and Innocent IV.
"The Millennial Kingdom" is an outline of medieval christian culture, from the time of Fathers up to its apogee around 1300, the age of Dante. The author does not pretend to have described and analyzed all facets of spiritual life during this long period, he focuses on that ones, in which intellectuals, writers and painters left especially deep imprints. The reader will find here, together with great authors and masterpieces, little known and studied monuments in author's photographs, as well as texts translated from latin, old french and other late medieval vernacular languages. These quotations from the primary sources are allways accompanied by polemical reflections on several opinions and clichés, methodological positions and estimations about the Middle Ages, current among historians and in human sciences in XXth and XXIth centuries.
The present article continues the investigation of the Soqotri verbal system undertaken by the Russian-Soqotri fieldwork team. The article focuses on the so-called “weak” and “geminated” roots in the basic stem. The investigation is based on the analysis of full paradigms (perfect, imperfect and jussive) of more than 170 “weak” and “geminated” Soqotri verbs.