Книжный иллюстратор в контексте своего времени: творческая биография Нива Токэй (1760–1822)
The paper examines the art heritage of Niwa Tōkei (1760–1822) – an ukiyo-e book illustrator from Osaka – in terms of historical, social, and local peculiarities of his life and epoch. The edge of XVIIXVIII centuries demonstrates the flourishing of illustrated book-printing on various subjects dedicated to urban dwellers. An illustration in these books has played not a supplementary, but an equivalent to the text role. Niwa Tōkei alone or in collaboration with other artists took part in creation of more than 20 book on diverse subjects. In the paper we try to define the main genres of his books which are guidebooks meisho zue and saiken; kyoka poetry books; books for reading yomihon; encyclopedias; and we examine more properly some of the books of the following genres: Setsu meisho zue; Kawachi meisho zue; Miotsukushi; Kyōka risshō shū; Kawakoromo-no ki; Ehon sankan gunki; Ehon shūi shinchōki; Tokai hyakkatsū setsuyō shū; Kodō zuroku; Unkonshi; Chōsen chinka asagao shūi; Kengyō hinrui zukō. The art heritage of Niwa Tokei is being studied in terms of professional peculiarities, with observation of his collaboration with editors, painters, scholars, writers of his time. These are Shitomi Kangetsu, Akisato Ritō, Tetsugōshi Namimaru, Nakai Rankō, Kiuchi Sekitei, Takehara Shunchōsai, Ryūkōsai Jokei, Kamata Kansai, Minegishi Ryūfu. Special attention is paid to the reflection of the epoch’s social and economic peculiarities in Niwa Tōkei’s art heritage, such phenomenon as the growth of economic potential of population, the need for new ideals, the increasing number of inland pilgrimage. Niwa Tōkei was a wellknown author and painter of his epoch, and his books can be found in collections of Japanese art and xylographs all around the world, though the present article is one of the first attempts to analyze his art heritage.