США: перспективы экономического развития после президентских выборов 2016 г
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explain the current role of foreign foundations in the cross-border mobility of Russian elite scientists. Design/methodology/approach - The methodology is based on a combination of a quantitative survey (December 2004-February 2005) of former Russian Humbsoldtians and qualitative research (expert interviews in 2005 and in 2012, respectively) of Russian alumni of the Alexander von Humboldt foundation (Germany). Findings - For Russian elite researchers participating in academic mobility, in 2000s it is rather cross-border mobility' brain circulation' rather than "brain drain" a dominant form of academic mobility typical. Even in 2000s, western foundations still played a significant while twofold role -promoting emigration of for a small part of Russian elite researchers, on the one hand, while and getting access to top-level labs, etc. and to international academic chains of excellence for the majority of them, on the other. Coming back to the home country, affiliation with foreign foundations reduces the dependence of Russian elite researchers on hierarchical structures within the national state science system and promotes project teams and network forms of interaction their career. However, Russian scientists dependence on foreign funding affect both the scope of research and their academic status (mostly - second-level positions within research projects, etc.). Among the reasons to for leave leaving Russia it is primarily the desire to remain have closer access to their academic community and the equipment to do on the top level in research. The paper formulates some measures to foster incentives to stay in Russia and respectively to support re-emigration of elite researchers, in form of world class research labs and strengthening the motivation of senior researchers to work in the home country. Research limitations/implications - Research limitations consist in using of only one of the alumni networks of several western foundations database. Originality/value - The paper is unique as regards the empirical results; its value consists in their organizational, social and political implications. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
The article suggests a pessimistic scenario of political and institutional transformation of the European Union under the influence of such factor as alien immigration in the cultural and civilizational terms. Particular attention is paid to the consequences of these transformations for the future of Russia.
The collection includes reports and speeches of the participants of the International Symposium on the Korean diaspora living in China, Japan, Russia and the United States. Particular attention is paid to changes in these communities under the influence of external factors, region of residence, migration of Koreans from the Korean peninsula since the end of IXX - beginning. XX centuries. during the period of colonization by Japan in Korea. The texts are presented in the original language (Russian, Japanese, Chinese) and translated into Korean. In order to researchers, teachers, students, anyone interested in the issues of the Korean Peninsula states.
In the book for the first time the documents of the Archive of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire on Russian-Korean Relations (1820-1909), on the voluntary resettlement of Koreans in the Amur Region in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are published. Also, the collection contains, previously published, documents and materials of the Russian State Historical Archives of the Far East (1864-1918). The reader is presented with a large amount of factual material that reveals the peculiarities of the migration policy of the Russian government in relation to the Koreans. The mechanism of building relations with migrants from Korea, their arrangement in Primorye, the role and place of Koreans in the development of the Russian Far East, in school education, as well as the participation of the Orthodox Church in the process of naturalization of Koreans in Russian culture is shown. Of interest are materials about the participation of Koreans in the national liberation movement of Korea in the Russian Far East. The book is addressed to researchers and administrative staff, teachers and students of humanitarian faculties as a reference tool, as well as for a wide range of readers interested in the East.
This is a review of the book by S.Puffer, D.McCarthy. and D. Satinsky "Hammer & Silicon: The Soviet Diaspora in the US Innovation Economy" . Cambridge University Press, 2018
This summary of the report describes the construction and testing of a theoretical model of the socio-economic adaptation (SEA) of immigrants, considering psychological factors as basic. In the analysis of previous studies, acculturation attitudes of immigrants were identified as key psychological factors of SEA for the construction of a theoretical model; the length of stay in the host country and language skills were used as control variables; ethnic and religious identification were used as predictors of acculturation attitudes.
To compete on value providers must embrace a series of strategic and organizational imperatives. How can health care providers create more effective strategies and improve their performance? The starting point for strategy is to define the right goal. For every health care provider, the primary goal must be excellence in patient value. Value is the health outcomes achieved per unit of value compared to peers. A provider's size, range of services, reputation, and whether it earns a comfortable operating surplus are secondary. Unless a provider is delivering value to the patients it serves, it is failing at its fundamental mission even if it is financially successful. A provider that delivers superior patient results will be in a position to prosper even in the current system.Patient value can only be measured at the level of medical conditions, and assessed relative to peers. Competence alone is not enough. A provider must be able to achieve results that compare favorably to others that provide similar services.Excellent value in some services does not offset mediocrity in others. Patients, not to mention the entire health care system, are not well served if providers maintain even one service line in which they do not achieve results equal to or better than peers. In value-based competition, excellence, not breadth or convenience, should shape the choice of services by providers and the overall configuration of the health care system. While the goal of patient value may seem self-evident, goal definition in health care delivery has been clouded by a variety of factors. Financial viability often appears as an important goal. But financial results are an outcome, not the goal in and of itself. A comfortable operating surplus cannot offset mediocrity in serving patients. In a value-based system, as we will discuss, excellent results will lead to more patients, greater efficiency, and higher margins.The starting point for developing strategy in any field is to define the relevant business or businesses in which an organization competes. Health care delivery is no different. Health care providers do not think of themselves as businesses, but they are in the business of providing services to patients.