Regional conflicts and civil wars born out of religious and ethnic contradictions are characteristic for the second crisis of world order of 2010s. International system was divided ideologically and this is ineffective in conflict resolution, and great powers oppose each other diametrically regarding the reasons of conflict as well as methods and goals of their resolution. For Russia and some non-Western nations the goal of conflict resolution would be the preservation and reinforcement of the local state so that it is able to maintain law and order on its territory and stabilize the situation in the region. For U.S. and Western countries the goal in conflict resolution will be the protection of individual rights and freedoms together with the establishment of liberal democratic regime on the place of the former authoritarian one, leading very often to the vacuum of power and chaos. The policy of the west is based on liberal ideology mixed with interventionist ideas. Russia views the situation through the prism of statehood and nationalism
For the first time since World War II, the U.S. seem to lose leadership at the multilateral trade talks shifting accents to bilateral and regional trade cooperation. The main reason for the shift is a deadlock at the WTO Doha-round negotiations where the U.S. face opposition of the steadily growing economies of India, China and Brazil.
Торговые переговоры, ГАТТ, ВТО, США, многосторонняя торговая система, ЕС, Япония, ИНДИЯ, КИТАЙ, Бразилия, Дж. Буш-мл., Б. Обама, М. Баррозу, Р. Зеллик, П. Лами, Р. Кирк, Л. да Силва, Карел де Гюхт, АТЭС, НАФТА, АСЕАН, трансатлантическое партнерство, "двадцатка", trade talks, GATT, WTO, U.S., Multilateral Trading System, Eu, Japan, India, China, Brazil, G.-W. Bush, B. Obama, M. Barrozo, R. Zoellick, P. Lamy, R. Kirk, L. da Silva, Karel de Gucht, APEC, NAFTA, ASEAN, Transatlantic Partnership, G 20
The basis offinancial system in Japan was created in process of extreme transformation of economic formation in the Meiji era (1868-1912). As in other aspects of economic reform in Japan, the government decided to take advantage of foreign experience and adapt successful foreign practices in its own country, taking into account the specific Japanese conditions of economic development. At first, attention was paid to the U.S. financial system. It was based on a network of private banks, which allowed accumulating private capital of the population, which would have been much more difficult with the system of state banks. However the American model did not take root in Japan, and it was decided to switch to the British financial system. The problems were related to the peculiarities of the implementation of the American model on the Japanese soil, which caused the overflow of unsecured liquidity. Thus, inflation in Japan in the second half of the 1870s, resulting in rejection of the American model of the banking system, was caused by the Japanese government mistakes in financial management and not by devolved model of the U.S. banking system.
This articke focuses on the role of Congress in US-Russia trade. It has been shown that despite periodic destrcuctive moves in regard to Russia US legislature does not impede US-Russia trade in low-tech items. At the same time, Congress stand in the way of trade growth in high-tech spgere, including technologies of dual use.
Economic crisis in globalized world made inevitable forging of a system of governance which would prevent the international community from large scale upheavals in future. The 2008-2009 summits of G-20 gave hope of a possibility to form a global political leadership. So far the system of international governance is being mapped up and appears in the form of a triangle with UN, G-20 and the most influential international institutions (WTO, IMF, MB) as its three facets.
It is obvious that there exists a close interconnection between the present system of international relations and the character of war deriving from it. The modern system of international relations rules out the very possibility of the world total war. Instead the international community faces a bunch of local wars with non-state actors as counterparts. The future belongs to international security organizations of a new type aimed at resisting non-state actors and solving global problems.