Оценка издержек организаций на сбор статистической отчетности, или сколько стоит показатель
In this study the authors researched the task to calculate the direct costs of economic entities in the collection and provision of primary statistical data. The authors developed and tested the Methodology for estimating the costs associated with gathering data, completing, calculating and verifying values of indicators of reporting forms. The authors calculated the direct costs of budgetary and commercial organizations in the social sphere to collect and provide forms of reporting and government costs – to collect and aggregate. The versatility of the Methodology allows to use it also for costs of the respondents to the collection of other types of reporting.
We share approaches on the allocation of private and social costs and assessed costs of opportunism of economic agents in the collection and provision of official statistical information, using the author's method of collection and analysis of the respondent’s opinions on the Internet.
The authors propose a new approach to estimate information costs in value terms.
The questions of why similar transactions can be organised in completely different ways and why some of these transactions do not happen despite their apparent utility are very interesting. Modern economists explain this phenomenon from the point of view of transaction costs and their minimization. The transaction costs theory has come a long way from its inception in Coase’s work to its maturing in Williamson’s work and to its further development in the works of various contemporary scientists. Having started as a marginal idea, it became a successful empirically testable theory that can be used to analyse numerous economic industries ranging from the market for football players to factory process management in the aerospace industry. In this article, we analyse contemporary theoretical and empirical research papers to unveil the development of this theory. We show first how the notion of transaction cost emerged. Its appearance was prompted by the understanding among several scientists that there is a mismatch between theoretical conclusions and the real-life situation. An understanding came that all transactions lead to additional costs that are not directly related to production costs. Thus, an attempt was made to explain these additional costs. We show how the interaction with classical economics influenced the development of the theory, which concepts were abandoned in the struggle to enter the mainstream, and which ideas survived and became indispensable. We describe the opportunities for studying economic activity provided by this theory
The purpose of the article is to demonstrate how the use of administrative data can promptly and with low costs improve the accuracy and informativeness of official statistical indicators of labor market. The Russian official labor statistics is currently use the only two sources of statistical information: statistical reporting of enterprises and population surveys. The authors show that the available indicators are inconsistent with each other and do not meet the needs of users. The example of Moscow city shows that the available administrative data (data from the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation) allow both to increase the accuracy of the already calculated indicators of employment and wages through the full coverage of respondents, and to introduce new indicators that are currently not calculated by official statistics (wages of Russian citizens and foreigners, salaries of people working for several employers, etc.). The limitations of the Pension Fund’s data, as well as recommendations for the incorporating administrative data into the system of official statistics at the regional and national levels, are discussed.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.