Требование добросовестности «при исполнении обязанностей» и при заверениях об обстоятельствах: мнимость и необходимость
The author of the below article has argued in more than few of his previous works that the requirement of act in bona fide, forged in the Art. 1 (3) of the Russian Civil Code as a legal obligation and, in the Art. 1 (4), as a universal census for a personal right, brought about a major chaos in the administration of law by courts due to the failure of this enactment to match the nature of the category in question. It barely comes as surprise that the distortion of such a fundamental private law notion caused dilution to the patterns which govern execution of civil law rights. The legal obligation to act in good faith while fulfilling obligations was no exception. As the author demonstrates the fallibility of this approach, he also places requirement of bona fide with regard to legal obligation and warranty in the context of his understanding of both abuse of law and bona fide principles. In the author’s view, the move to avoid consequences of fictitious warranties, rather than met by means of statute law, should be seen as such a conflict of intentions that constitutes failure to act in bona fide -- at least from the author’s perspective.