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Article

Dependence of average inter-particle distance upon the temperature of neutrals in dusty plasma crystals

Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2018. Vol. 946. No. 012146. P. 1-8.
Timofeev A., Nikolaev V. S.

It is often suggested that inter-particle distance in stable dusty plasma structures decreases with cooling as a square root of neutral gas temperature. Deviations from this dependence (up to the increase at cryogenic temperatures) found in the experimental results for the pressures range 0.1–8.0 mbar and for the currents range 0.1–1.0 mA are given. Inter-particle distance dependences on the charge of particles, parameter of the trap and the screening length in surrounding plasma are obtained for different conditions from molecular dynamics simulations. They are well approximated by power functions in the mentioned range of parameters. It is found that under certain assumptions thermophoretical force is responsible for inter-particle distance increase at cryogenic temperatures