Review of: Andrzej Walicki. The Flow of Ideas. Russian Thought from the Enlightenment to the Religious-Philosophical Rennaisance (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 2015).
Analytical review of the fundamental work of A. Walicki on the history of Russian thought.
The author examines the key philosophical problem of theodicy and freedom as it was first formulated by Fyodor Dostoevsky and later developed by Nikolai Berdyaev.
This paper is aimed at exploring different interpretations of English revolutions (the Great rebellion of 1640s and the Glory revolution of 1688) in Chaadaev's first "Philosophical Letter", i.e. in its French original and in Russian translation published in 1836 in the Moscow review "Teleskop". First of all, this paper anasyses the discrepancies between two versions of Chaadaev's article, then Mikhail Velizhev reconstructs a possible reaction to its "English" fragments of Russian emperor Nicholas I basing on the hitherto unpublished archival materials (the excercise books of Nicholas dedicated to the English history).
An article from Mikhail Velizhev suggests a new interpretation of the rift between contexts that accompanied the creation and publication of Pyotr Chaadayev’s first «Philosophical Letter», as well as with the period in which the new political language Chaadayev used in his text was taking shape. The political language of French traditionalism had become fully consolidated in the political context of the Holy Alliance of European sovereigns; the ideology of this alliance was closely tied to one of the key texts of the Catholic tradition, Joseph de Maistre’s treatise «Du Pape». The foundational hypothesis of Velizhev’s article lies in the fact that, while actively using the language of the traditionalist-philosophers, Chaadayev was also reflecting upon the fate of the Holy Alliance.
The article provides a comparison of two intellectual accounts of experiences in the First World War – From the Letters of an Artillery Ensign (1918) by the Russian philosopher and writer Fjodor Stepun and The Storm of Steel (1920) by the German essayist Ernst Jünger. The aim of this article is to reveal similarities and differences between “optics” of Jünger and Stepun who are reporting one and the same event but deal with two different images of the Great War.
The great age of Russian philosophy spans the century between 1830 and 1930 - from the famous Slavophile-Westernizer controversy of the 1830s and 1840s, through the 'Silver Age' of Russian culture at the beginning of the twentieth century, to the formation of a Russian 'philosophical emigration' in the wake of the Russian Revolution. This volume is a major history and interpretation of Russian philosophy in this period. Eighteen chapters (plus a substantial introduction and afterword) discuss Russian philosophy's main figures, schools and controversies, while simultaneously pursuing a common central theme: the development of a distinctive Russian tradition of philosophical humanism focused on the defence of human dignity. As this volume shows, the century-long debate over the meaning and grounds of human dignity, freedom and the just society involved thinkers of all backgrounds and positions, transcending easy classification as 'religious' or 'secular'. The debate still resonates strongly today.
The article is devoted to military service of K.P. von Kaufman, famous Russian statesman of the second half of the 19th century, during the first stage of his career in 1840s–1850s. This period of his biography had not been studied in details until now. Meanwhile, just during his service in the Caucasus and participation in the Crimean War, Kaufman gained his first experience of relations with oriental peoples and states as the soldier and diplomat. That experience was very important for him later, when he had became a Governor-General of Turkestan Region (1867–1882). Valuable source of information on the “Caucasian” period of life and activity of K.P. von Kaufman are the memoirs of his contemporaries who served with him. In contrast to official documents (such as orders, service records, etc.) these notes contains details on Kaufman’s service, and much information about his talents and abilities, the personal features reflected during his “conquer and organization” of Turkestan.