Безумие или революция? Томмазо Кампанелла в последний год шестнадцатого столетия
The materials related to the conspiracy in Calabria of 1599 reveal beyond reasonable doubt that its leader, Tommaso Campanella presented himself as vero messia and future monarcha del mondo. This should be explained in terms of certain cultural traditions as well as biographical and historical circumstances, but not in terms of a mental disease.
The problem of internal migration of young and educated population from East Germany to the old federal lands and large cities of the new federal lands is considered. German sociologists use intergeneration researches for stimulating intergeneration solidarity and maintaining population in depressed regions as one of the instruments for overcoming the current situation.
This is the first commented critical edition of two Latin treatises by Michael Scot, astrologer and translator at the court of Frederick II, first third of XIIIth century. It is provided by an extensive historical and philological introduction.
Analyzed campaigns of German and Russian sociologists to problems of values in transformed societies. The special attention is given to problems of values of the market and a place of youth in system of market relations.
In this chapter are presented in fool commented translation two texts advirtising new science of the stars in the XIIth century latin West: the letter to french philosophers by Peter Alphonsi and the anonymous prolog to the translation into latin of Ptolemy's Almagest.
Nature abhors a "vacuum" - the new power elite arrives at the time of major social and political transformations and endeavours to shore up its position within the country and obtain support from outside. New power groups, which are active at times of revolution and who replace, push aside or even depose the old elites and impose their own control over the state machine and position themselves as new power elite.There are themselves not immune to social transformation, especially in the first decades of coming to their new commanding role. Unless its claims are given legitimacy it is unable to implement its positive programme, which it immediately claims as the national programme. Every country "acquires" a new functioning elite - political, financial and intellectual - from revolution or a change of regime. The old elite may lose control and depart or upon luck may merge into a new combination of social strata of particular country. We also believe that the composition and the structure of elites is the country-specific and reflect one’s country history.
"The Millennial Kingdom" is an outline of medieval christian culture, from the time of Fathers up to its apogee around 1300, the age of Dante. The author does not pretend to have described and analyzed all facets of spiritual life during this long period, he focuses on that ones, in which intellectuals, writers and painters left especially deep imprints. The reader will find here, together with great authors and masterpieces, little known and studied monuments in author's photographs, as well as texts translated from latin, old french and other late medieval vernacular languages. These quotations from the primary sources are allways accompanied by polemical reflections on several opinions and clichés, methodological positions and estimations about the Middle Ages, current among historians and in human sciences in XXth and XXIth centuries.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.