There was a slight increase in gross milk production inRussia in 2017, while its decline continued from the beginning of the90s. Dynamic industry development in farms and increase in productionvolumes at agricultural enterprises based on the commissioning of alarge number of mega complexes and the growth of milk productivityensured an increase in total milk production despite a continuingdecrease in number of cows and milk production in households. However,the milk threshold values of the food security Doctrine remainunfulfilled and, according to our estimates, will be achieved noearlier than in eight years, and if the level of milk consumption percapita is restored - 14 years. Steady and dynamic growth in milkproduction is possible with the active introduction of highlyproductive and labour-saving technologies by most industryparticipants. Implementation of mega projects by a limited number oflarge milk producers doesn't ensure the steady growth of industryoutput at the necessary level. Further stable growth in milk productionrequires adjusting the forms of government support for the industry:expanding access to preferential investment lending to most milkproducers regardless of production size and type of management,extending to the federal level subsidizing the purchase of machineryand equipment for dairy farming and fodder production.
The article presents based on author's surveys of the leasing market for 19 years its dynamics on the value of new contracts, the structure of the Russian leasing market in critical industries, such as railway rolling stock, vehicles, air transport, energy, engineering and major lessors in these industries, the article presents the structure of leasing 10 sources, including loans, own funding, advances, bond issue, etc.; features of power equipment leasing and renewable sources of energy; analysis of bad debts; Variant calculation of leverage in leasing on the basis of the author's methodology; tax design of the Russian leasing.
This article is devoted to quantitative analysis of the costs and benefits of 5G networks infrastructure creation by using two alternative forms, such as single wholesale network or competing mobile networks. Calculations, based on the principle of discounting, allow us to establish whether savings are possible in the model of single wholesale network. The limit of investment savings due to the use of single wholesale network is estimated at 160-220 billion rubles covering a five-year period, given 360-480 billion rubles as investments required by four mobile operators. We show that infrastructure sharing agreements between mobile operators on a voluntary basis allow achieving a comparable amount of savings of 148-197 billion rubles for a five-year period. Taking into account estimates of additional costs in the model of single wholesale network caused by delay in implementation, increase of market power and regulatory costs, the authors conclude that the model of single wholesale network is economically inefficient.
This paper revolves around estimating the future value of tokens. The proposed strategy is based on investment simulation model and analysis of real projects preparing for ICO. The parameters included in the model allow us to evaluate the companys' offers from different perspectives in order to build up an assumption of the project’s return on investment. The obtained results reflects the expected behavior of the future price of tokens (or a token), granting a decision making support for investment.
Territorial development and attraction of investments is a priority task of authorities of all levels in the current economic situation. Demanding regions, a single-industry city, and also territories of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation require restoration and development. In the article special economic zones, territories of advanced social and economic development, zones of territorial development are considered. Particular attention is paid to special economic zones, including the history of their appearance, development and current status in the Russian Federation. An assessment of the quality of development tools and recommendations for their application in the territories of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation is given.
We investigate how, in a situation with two players in which noncooperation is the only equilibrium, cooperation can be achieved via costly investment. We find that in the resulting equilibria, cooperation is an all-or-nothing outcome, that is, either there is full cooperation by both players, or no cooperation at all. The cost of investment is unrelated to the degree of cooperation that is ultimately achieved, unless the cost is too high, in which case investment cannot in any degree overcome the disincentive to cooperate. Moreover, the positive externalities that players have on each other in the course of play, although they affect investment, are ultimately irrelevant to the degree of cooperation achieved. We view our model as an explanation for the formation and stable existence of business alliances, where the players are firms forming a partnership defined and sustained by contractual agreements, but which is short of a merger or acquisition.
The Third Workshop on Computer Modelling in Decision Making (CMDM 2018) was held in Saratov State University (Saratov, Russia) within the VII International Youth Research and Practice Conference ‘Mathematical and Computer Modelling in Economics, Insurance and Risk Management’. The workshop 's main topic is computer and mathematical modeling in decision making in finance, insurance, banking, economic forecasting, investment and financial analysis. Researchers, postgraduate students, academics as well as financial, bank, insurance and government workers participated in the Workshop.