Probing spin susceptibility of a correlated two-dimensional electron system by transport and magnetization measurements
We report temperature and density dependences of the spin susceptibility of strongly interacting electrons in Si inversion layers. We measured (i) the itinerant electron susceptibility χ∗ from the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in crossed magnetic fields and (ii) thermodynamic susceptibility χTsensitive to all the electrons in the layer. Both χ∗ and χT are strongly enhanced with lowering the electron density in the metallic phase. However, there is no sign of divergency of either quantity at the density of the metal-insulator transition nc. Moreover, the value of χT, which can be measured across the transition down to very low densities deep in the insulating phase, increases with density at n<nc, as expected. In the absence of magnetic field, we found the temperature dependence of χ∗ to be consistent with Fermi-liquid-based predictions, and to be much weaker than the power law predicted by non-Fermi-liquid models. We attribute a much stronger temperature dependence of χT to localized spin droplets. In strong enough in-plane magnetic field, we found the temperature dependence of χ∗to be stronger than that expected for the Fermi liquid interaction corrections.
Whether the apparent metal-insulator transition in two-dimensional (2D) correlated electron system is a true quantum phase transition or is a crossover phenomena—this question is in the core of ongoing debates. I present here a novel scenario of this phenomenon, based on experimental finding of the two-phase state in the correlated 2D system. The transport features in the suggested picture are the finite temperature phenomena and a consequence of the magnetic phase transition; the latter manifests in the sign change of the spin magnetization-per-electron. Physically, the magnetic transition means changing the tendency of the two-phase system to either paramagnetic Fermi liquid state (high density), or to the disordered ferromagnet (low density).
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.