Глаголы падения и особенности их аргументной структуры в адыгских языках
This paper describes the semantics of falling in Adyghe and Kuban Kabardian from a typological perspective. Although they represent the same Circassian branch of the Northwest Caucasian family, Adyghe and Kabardian still demonstrate some differences in the way their predicates of falling are lexicalized: while in Adyghe we have a distributive system which includes special lexical means for different types of falling, there is only one dominant and several peripheral predicates in the Kabardian language. What is peculiar about these languages, when compared to the available data for other investigated languages, is that the parameter of orientation to the initial vs. final point of movement is of special importance in lexicalizing cases of falling. Our analysis of the material may not only help to contribute to the general typology of falling but may throw light on such a phenomenon in cognitive linguistics as the emphasis on the final point of movement in opposition to the initial point, also known as goal bias.