Political Language of the Church in the Post-Soviet Period
This article analyzes the political language of the Russian Orthodox Church as a social
/ public instrument of influence. Against the backdrop of post-secular processes, it
considers the specifics of the language of political church strategies that go beyond the
traditional religious domain. The ways and communicative approaches in the field of
government relations and public relations are shown, by which the Russian Orthodox
Church establishes relations with the authorities in the post-Soviet period, and already
today demonstrates itself not just as one of the institutions of civil society, but also
as an institution vested with political functions and political authority. To construct its
social and political role, the Church acts situationally. On the one hand, it resorts to
narratives of the 20th century, using different discourses - from the “victim” one to
isolationism, on the other – to modern concepts typical for post-Soviet times, such as,
for example, the idea of messianism, “Katekhon,” that is, saving the world from sin.
In one way or another, the Church acts as an open political player, in part as a political
technologist offering recipes of “soft power” for strategic state purposes, especially
foreign policy objectives. The authors analyze the evolution of public rhetoric of the
Church leaders in the context of the post-secular institutionalization of Orthodoxy in
the space of politics and law.
The article was devoted the analysis adaptation strategies of the Roman Catholic and Russian Orthodox Churches to the new social and political conditions in the last decades. The author comes to the conclusion that Russian Orthodox Church chooses strategy of conservation to the new social and political conditions and Roman Catholic Church makes decision to follow democratic adaptation strategies.
This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the ways in which new media technologies have shaped language and communication in contemporary Russia. It traces the development of the Russian-language internet (Runet) from late-Soviet cybernetics to the advent of Twitter and explores the evolution of web-based communication practices, showing how they have both shaped and been shaped by social, political, linguistic and literary realities. Throughout the volume, leading Runet scholars draw attention to features and trends that are characteristic of global new media, as well as those that are more specific to Russian media culture.
The chapter focuses on one of the ways to communicate with the sacred popular among contemporary Russian Orthodox believers – written appealing to the saints (letters and notes). Although not happy at all about this habit, the Church managers allow to publish these letters in the parish newspapers and web-sites and in other church mass-media. Analysis of publications of the letters addressed to Saint Xenia of Petersburg proves that the Church publishes them as a part of its advertising campaign targeted on those people who prefer irregular religiosity (pilgrimages, letters to the saint, etc) to traditional regular parish life. The chapter develops Peter Berger’s metaphor of religious market.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the culture of coexistence of confessional communities, their social and ideologically strategic perception in the conditions of Orthodoxy being revived as the majority religion. The corresponding cultural policies of the Orthodox-focused social environment are viewed within the context of processes aimed at revitalizing the religious life and increasing the value of the symbolical capital in post-soviet Russia. In the course of analysis the author defines several models of perception of confessional communities by the majority religion, namely: "alliance -contractual", "ignoring - neutral" and "confrontational". The Russian religious palette classified according to these models as viewed by the Orthodox church additionally reveals worldview and socio-cultural dominants, and also value preferences of contemporary Russian Orthodoxy. An attempt is made to describe the culture of perception of "alien" and complementarity in Russian Orthodoxy from the point of view of several factors: specific features of national and cultural-historical identity, traditional attitude to heterogeneous societies, liturgical tradition, dogmatic self-identification and situational social policy in the country.
In this book the author explores the social, economic and legal status of the Russian lower clergy (priests, deacons and sacristans), its role in the parish life and the institutional history of the Russian parish in the 16-17th centuries. The institution of proprietary or private churches (German Eigenkirchenwesen) is analysed and compared with the analogous phenomena in Byzantium and Western and Central Europe. Special attention is given to state legislation and policy, which influenced the status of the lower clergy, and the formation of the clerical estate (dukhovnoe soslovie). Various sources have been examined: the tsar’s immunity charters, cadastres, private contracts, letters, literary works, materials from the archives of the bishop’s chancelleries etc.
The paper explores the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) parish-based social work specifics. The Russian government call for Church participation in welfare provision on the one hand and the emphasize on the social work in church life, made by Patriarchy, on the other, are followed by the attempts of the parish-based social practices formalization. Analyzing the quantitative and qualitative data on parish-based social work in Russia, authors make the evaluation of the ROC’s social work scope in the country and characterize this’ activity specific features in comparison with the professional social work. The article comes to the conclusion, that the bigger part of the parish-based social work in Russia is performed as informal practices of daily mutual aid by non-professionals and it doesn’t fit narrow frame of the professional aid to the needy. The authors suggest, that the attempts of the church social work professionalization, such as formal reports and quantitative indicators may push parishes towards the minimization of their informal social activity, so significant for general population.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.