Возможности использования стандартов и лучших практик ОЭСР в евразийской экономической интеграции
The authors consider more promising areas of the EAEU member states’ supranational competencies, where application of the OECD standards could create the highest “added value” for the Eurasian economic integration. Based on an analysis of Russian and the EAEU strategic planning documents, and the OECD best practices and experience of cooperating with integration associations, the paper presents a number of pilot projects in the scope of which the above standards were applied in the most important areas of the Eurasian economic integration. However, the list of pilot projects (in areas such as tax policy, antimonopoly regulation, supporting SMEs, trade policy, and digital agenda) is not exhaustive, while the proposals for applying the OECD standards and best practices in the EAEU need to be further discussed with the Union member states, and require adequate political approval. The supranational consultation mechanism for these topics should be supported by a comprehensive assessment of the socio-economic benefits of applying the OECD standards in the EAEU member states, and of the integration effects for the Union as a whole.
The paper examines the theoretical framework for the analysis of contemporary processes of international integration. Thet author applies methodological apparatus of different theories to the analysis of the process of regional integration. This research allows to get closer to understanding the possibility of forming a political union in the Eurasian region.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
The authors provide an article-by-article overview of the double tax treaty Russia-Argentina effective as of January 1, 2013.
The recent crisis in Ukraine cast a spotlight on those countries located between Russia and the EU, a region that had long existed beneath the radar of international politics. Indeed, even its name remains indeterminate: the term 'post-Soviet' is too encompassing (it could also designate Estonia or Tajikistan) while the notion of 'Eastern Europe' has long lost any geographical anchor. Instead, this space is often named after regional powers’ attempts to shape it: as the EU’s 'Eastern Neighbourhood' or as Russia’s 'Near Abroad'. The new region-building endeavour pursued by Russia through Eurasian integration frameworks is a crucial development in this regard.
On the 29 of May 2014, Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan signed the Treaty establishing the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), which extends the provisions of the existing Eurasian Customs Union (ECU) and comes into being in 2015. This integration regime has been lauded by Russian President Vladimir Putin as a new, better version of the European Union, and castigated by US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton as a new form of the Soviet Union. This report shows that it is neither. The EEU is a modern and far-reaching attempt at economic integration, but one that is weakened by internal and conceptual contradictions. What was designed as a geo-economic framework is increasingly becoming a geopolitical issue. In attempting to counter the influence of the EU’s alternative integration regime (the Eastern Partnership), Russia has shifted its diplomacy from persuasion to coercion, and Moscow is increasingly resorting to using the EEU as a foreign policy tool. The countries of the entredeux – literally, something placed between two things – are being forced to face to a geopolitical choice they had been trying to avoid, or at least to defuse. Divisive domestic politics, separatism, structural dependencies and the economic and political calculations of internal actors are key factors mediating and complicating their choice. This report focuses on these issues that are too often overlooked in the debate on Russia-EU regional competition.
The paper presents the selected parts of the translation of the Chapter 10 Scenarios for Financial Stability of Tertiary Education of the publication Higher Education to 2030. Volume 2: Globalization published by OECD in 2009. It explores how tertiary education worldwide could develop in financial sustainable manner, providing an overview of the main alternatives for higher education financing today with an emphasis on different allocation models and suggestions on possible future scenarios for higher education financing.
Author analyzes the advantages and shortages of Eurasian integration project with a view of Russia's perspective. For Russia it's a strong strategic and geopolitical choice that is necessare for future development.