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Article

Изменение потребительского поведения пенсионеров в условиях кризиса 2013–2016 гг

The analysis of consumer behavior of pensioners is carried out on the RLMS-HSE data for 2013-2016. The subject of the study is households of different socio-demographic types, which include pensioners. The study uses household typologies that take into account their age and employment status. In the period from 2013 to 2016, changes in consumer behavior of households are revealed depending on the status of employment of pensioners and the presence of other persons in the household. The analysis of consumer expenditures by types of households includes: products for domestic meals, meals outside the house, alcoholic beverages, non-food products, services. In the analyzed period, the share of expenditures for food and services increases in households. And the share of expenditures for non-food products decreased. Differences in consumer spending in households consisting of pensioners are revealed. The greatest differences in the structure of expenditure on food are observed between households with working pensioners and non-working pensioners. Non-working single pensioners are forced to save on the most important food products. We can say that the structure of consumer spending of households of pensioners varies depending on their status in the labor market. The article also highlights the importance of labor activity of elderly people. Among them, age groups 55-59 and 60-64 years old, at the expense of working pensioners, were better adapted to the crisis conditions.