Осуждение советского коммунизма (1930-1937)
The paper want to reconstruct the genesis of the enclyctical Divini Redemptoris (19 th March 1937) against the Soviet Communism. This documentation permits to demonstrate that the publication of the encyclical was the point of arrival of a twofold evolution. The encyclical bears the personal imprint of Pope Pius XI.
The paper describes the procedure and the results of a study of university students' conceptions of atheism and atheistic personality. The paper starts with a review of the principal sociological and psychological studies of atheism, presenting Russian and foreign research of personality characteristics of atheists and the place of atheism in the social life. The empirical section describes two stages of an empirical study aiming to investigate the conceptions that 1st and 2nd year university students have of personality characteristics and values of a strongly atheistic person. During the first, qualitative stage, 167 students gave open descriptions of an atheistic person that were subsequently content-analyzed. At the second, correlational stage involving a sample of 216 students, associations between the respondents' notions of atheistic personality and their demographic characteristics and religious attitudes were investigated. The results provide an integral portrait of atheist seen by Russian students, which includes both negative and positive characteristics, which are associated with gender and respondents' own religious attitudes.
For the first time in the national historical science a comprehensive analysis of modern Japanese historiography problems of territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan was made, which is extremely important in terms of understanding the ways and results of development of bilateral relations in the near and medium term. The book highlighted the direction of the Japanese historiography of territorial demarcation, given their characteristics and evaluation; the author carries out a comparative analysis of approaches to the assessment of Japanese historians documented legal aspects of Soviet-Japanese territorial demarcation. This exact book will be of practical and scientific interest for a wide range of political scientists, orientalists, historians, students and general public.
In this article. the author tries to argue about how you can consider Soviet culture monolithic and not suggesting for the artist and the intellectual for any deviations from the official line.
It would seem that the totalitarian regime creates all the condition for eliminating the independent search for the individual style, nevertheless, in the depths of a totalitarian culture, resistance practice may appear.
The author gives a number of examples of such resistance in Soviet culture.
A survey of the Samizdat Archive of the Institute of Eastern Europe in Bremen. Introductory texts and annotated catalogue.