Полномочия Президента Российской Федерации как главы федеративного государства
Legal status and specific of the Russian President powers are analyzed in this article. Author describes the President powers in the different areas. Special emphasis on the implementation of presidential powers in the context of federalism is given in this article. Author accent on the institute of Plenipotentiaries (and federal inspectors). The role of federal inspectors in building an effective and centralized model of a federal state is underlined in this article. Author analyzes the issue of Federal intervention. The role of the President to resolve the national question in Russia.
The book is devoted to the history of one of the main national human rights institutions in modern Russia - the Council of the President of the Russian Federation for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights and the preceding Commission on Human Rights of the President of the Russian Federation. Detailed interviews with the chairmen of the Commission and the Council - Sergey Kovalev, Vladimir Kartaschkin, Ella Pamfilova and Mikhail Fedotov - as well as with Council's members extended reader to get a complete picture of the organization and activities of this unique advisory body for the head of state, the essence of human rights activities, and the difficult path of domestic civil society development. The book is addressed primarily to human rights defenders, civil society activists, heads of NGOs, researchers in the field of social sciences, professors, graduate students and students of humanitarian faculties and universities.
Author describes the concept and category of “Extended president”, its structure and the role of political block (based on theory of prototypes) in the article. The Russian political parties’ status and condition are analyzed in terms of domestic model of presidentalism. The legal phenomenology of interaction and cooperation of President and political parties represented at State Duma are explicated here. The respective ordinary and extraordinary, and also constitutional, legal, latent and implicit powers of President are defined.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.