Полномочия Президента Российской Федерации как главы федеративного государства
Legal status and specific of the Russian President powers are analyzed in this article. Author describes the President powers in the different areas. Special emphasis on the implementation of presidential powers in the context of federalism is given in this article. Author accent on the institute of Plenipotentiaries (and federal inspectors). The role of federal inspectors in building an effective and centralized model of a federal state is underlined in this article. Author analyzes the issue of Federal intervention. The role of the President to resolve the national question in Russia.
Author describes the concept and category of “Extended president”, its structure and the role of political block (based on theory of prototypes) in the article. The Russian political parties’ status and condition are analyzed in terms of domestic model of presidentalism. The legal phenomenology of interaction and cooperation of President and political parties represented at State Duma are explicated here. The respective ordinary and extraordinary, and also constitutional, legal, latent and implicit powers of President are defined.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.