История философской истории понятий: предисловие к переводу Г. Люббе
The article focuses on the diachronical development of the verbalization of the concept «space». The methods of the research are the following: 1) identifying linguistic units, the semantic components of which, represent differential characteristics of the concept, 2) describing diachronical changes and finding the most vivid and therefore the most culturally important linguistic units. We may conclude the following: the process of space conceptualization, which is a process of finding differential semes, varies in different periods of time; the linguistic mind finds the most adequate ways of cognitive characteristics of the concept verbalization.
The author investigates a phenomenon of development of ideologies in a historical context. So the transition of the academic historiography from positivistic methodology to methodology of the linguistic analysis is considered. Linguistic analysis is presented by the theory of speech asts and history of concepts. Accordingly, ideologies appear as cognitive mechanisms and simultaneously cognitive political outlook fi lters.
Present article is focused upon two samples of Early-Modern «civil sciences»: rhetorical inquiry dealing with contingency (so called «rhetorica primaria»), and mathesis politica, traditionally referring in intellectual context of the Early Enlightenment to Descartes. Special attention is paid to the famous «new sciences», which are considered in the secondary literature as antithetical: Giambattista Vico’s scienza nuova and Thomas Hobbes scientia civilis. Drawing upon almost unknown 17th century Dutch political writings, the study examines the ways of reception of Thomas Hobbes’ civil science conceived as a rhetorical inquiry. The author also explores G. Vico alternative to Hobbes’ constructionist theoretical style.