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Article

Устройство «жуткого космоса»: биологическая интервенция и парадоксы технологий

The article is devoted to popular images of outer space, created by the media. On the one hand, the research and development of space exploration technologies, which began in the middle of the past century, were presented to the public in a heroic and futuristic manner and were welcomed.On the other hand, images of the "uncanny outer space" were found along with them, demonstrating frightening details of the possible dangers of outer space. The "uncanny outer space" image content, it’s cause and it’s spread consequences are the main research issues of            
the article. The above-mentioned issues are considered by the authors on examples of American Sci-Fi movies about Alien, namely the series of Ridley Scott movies: Alien (1979), Prometheus (2012), Alien: Covenant (Alien: Covenant, 2017). The authors investigate three episodes when Alien meets a man where the images of the "uncanny outer space" are presented: the Alien’s “birth” at the dinner table; detection of the "enemy" among the team members when it turns out that Ash, the science officer, is not a human, but an android; and the appearance of the Alien in the rescue capsule during Ripley’s preparations for hypersleep. The investigation of the "uncanny outer space" image, depicted in the subject films, focuses on the technical and biological aspects of the issue. The very notion of "uncanny" is reviewed in terms of relationof the “human” to the “non-human”, which allows us to discover that the "uncanny outer space" system is caused not by the fear of "cosmic void" and gathering the unknown. The human body, mind and identity when it comes to cosmic discourse become the reason for "uncanny outer space" image presentation while the outer space itself remains neutral. A sequential investigation of the films in chronological order also allows us to record the transformation of the "uncanny outer space"system related to the fear of biological invasion, typicalfor last third of the 20th century, to the fear of artificial intelligence technology that overcomes the threshold of human nature.